This chapter examines the factors that determine the prevalence and severity of Islamophobia, namely ‘trigger’ events of local, national and international significance. Correspondingly, participants in this study reported that the prevalence of both online and offline Islamophobia increased following recent high-profile terrorist attacks around the world such as Sydney, the attacks in Paris, Copenhagen and Tunisia. In addition, national scandals such as the grooming of young girls in Rotherham by groups of Pakistani men and the alleged ‘Trojan Horse’ scandal in Birmingham framed as a ‘jihadist plot’ to take over schools, were also highlighted as ‘trigger’ events. The visibility and intersectionality of victims’ identities is also discussed.
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