2: Mental vulnerability and the moving target of mental health

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This chapter introduces the conceptual framework of the book. It describes how it is possible to analyse the diversifying challenges of the psyche as part of changes in work and culture without turning to the conventional understanding of mental health. It explains how mental vulnerability is embedded in the socio-historical behaviour and why it is important to include the perspective of social character/historically transformative subjectivity to the analysis of mental health crisis. The chapter also explains how the rapid transition from agricultural to late modern society in the Finnish labour market and culture can offer a unique empirical material for the analysis of surge of mental vulnerability in affluent societies in general. By placing mental health within the analytical scope of culture and institutional social action, the chapter formulates an alternative approach for the current conception of mental health focused on individual risks and symptoms. It suggests that it is essential to look at the possibilities, ideals and limits linked to the historically unique social behaviour when analysing the fuelling processes of mental vulnerability.

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