The Welfare of the Middle Class
Changing Relations in European Welfare States
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Conclusion: The ‘worlds’ of welfare and the divided middle class

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The widespread belief among political and social actors is that a considerable part of the middle class can invest a portion of its income to access effective and high-quality private health services or private pension schemes.

For low-income households, it is assumed that many of them do not deserve the benefits they receive and do not do everything they can to find work.

The attitudes and living conditions both for low-income households and middle classes are very different from how they are recognised and discussed in public debate.

We are experiencing a long-lasting transition from a simple modern society to a complex modern society that simultaneously and radically fragments the social fabric and destabilises all certainties. The uncertain and contradictory responses of institutions and most social and economic subjects make this transition particularly complex.

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