A review of the literature on the impact of global norms and principles on national governance systems shows the limited attention given to the role of civil servants in the interaction between global actors and nation states. To allow for a deeper analysis of this important research topic, this chapter sets out a new analytical framework and typology of how civil servants respond to global influence. Based on a review of academic research on the drivers of civil servants’ responses to external influence, the model focuses on two key parameters: bureaucratic accountability and socialization. Based on these parameters, four response types are expected to emerge: the traditional, professional, engaged, and rebel civil servant. The chapter also discusses transmission channels (global performance indicators, direct engagement with international actors, and global norms on freedom of information and participation) and institutional and behavioural filters of global influence. Finally, it lays out and discusses the research methodology used in the study on which this book is based, with particular attention given to the design and use of explorative vignettes as an innovative research method.
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