The theme of this chapter is the deepening engagement between international institutions and the countries of the MENA region, and whether and how this translates to growing socialization of international norms and principles among civil servants. Using a blend of vignettes and traditional interviews, the impact on the process of professionalization of civil servants was also examined. Deepening direct engagement with international actors influences civil servants and contributes to their professionalization. The broadened and deepened contacts between civil servants and international actors hence have a visible impact. However, while civil servants strongly value these direct relations, they remain loyal to national systems and institutions, especially when it comes to decisions that concern the internal management of their institutions. On this dimension of globalization, we therefore see evidence of greater professionalization (moving from the traditional to the professional civil servant), but limited indications that this will lead to civil servants allying with global actors to drive reforms and change.
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