This concluding chapter examines contemporary debates in reparations and the reparations movement and returns to the earlier discussion of legal, political and social conceptions on reparations. Differences exist in reparations discourse in the US and UK where different reparations movements and considerations are at play. But the US has experienced a greater level of reparations litigation than the UK and arguably has a more advanced conception on the nature of reparations claims.
This chapter’s core focus is on constructing a criminological theory of reparations, building on discussions in the previous chapters. It sets out the case for reparations as linked to notions of justice, forgiveness and repairing harm even though in one sense this may not be possible from a criminological perspective where those who died as a direct consequence of slavery and anti-Black racism cannot now directly receive a remedy. But reparations can reflect not just the harm caused to those who have died, but also the wider suffering caused to affected groups and their intergenerational trauma. Corrective justice is often about repairing harm with the ideal being that of restoring the aggrieved person to the position they would have been in had the wrong not occurred. There are challenges in doing so for a person who has died or, for example, the victims of a genocide. But some form of reparation can be provided via a form of redress if only by way of an apology or consideration of the harm caused to their family or descendants.
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