In this chapter we shift our attention to the operation of the global political economy. In doing so we show how an unequal distribution of excessive and unnecessary risks falls on the shoulders of poor women and girls in the Global South. We explain how particular groups of girls and women are made vulnerable through the ways they are integrated into and excluded from the global political economy. The point we wish to make, above all, is that the global political economy is not gender-neutral. We show how the rules governing global finance actively worsen health, income and employment security for the poor, and especially poor women, and especially those located geographically in, or from, the Global South. For this reason, this chapter shifts the narrative to the global level and asks: how have key international actors helped shape responses to COVID-19 in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa? And to what extent have they understood COVID-19 to be both a crisis of gender and development and a challenge to gender equity? To what extent is the architecture of development finance adequate to the task of building resilient and gender equitable development?
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