8: ‘Why the Compost Toilets?’: Ecofeminist (Re)Generations at the HoriZone Ecovillage


This chapter reflects on the key role played in the HoriZone Ecovillage – a protest camp set up during the July 2005 G8 meeting in Gleneagles, Scotland – by the well-known ecofeminist, Starhawk. I discuss the interweaving of my own path with Starhawk’s, and how my interest in her activism is rooted in my reading of her fiction. I explore the emergence of the Green Bloc from Starhawk’s Earth Activist Training course before focusing on how their vision was implemented in the Ecovillage camp. Finally, I situate Starhawk’s writing and permaculture practices in broader ecofeminist trans-spatial and trans-temporal movement lineages. In so doing, I provide an account of her distinctive contribution to movement capacity-building and to prefiguring alternative ways of living, and in particular to understanding the ways that compost toilets are ‘the political aspects of this’.

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Feminism and Protest Camps
Entanglements, Critiques and Re-Imaginings