12: Critically Engaged Sociology in Turkey and ‘Sociology across the South’

This chapter on Turkey, informed by the South African experience, focuses on the conditional difference between the concepts of ‘critical engagement’ and ‘public sociology’ and argues that critical engagement and the knowledge produced through it bear a Southern character. The author uniquely adds a new dimension to Burawoy’s ‘Southern sociology’ perspective and conceptualizes a ‘sociology across the South’ in his particular attempt to explain the difference between the concepts of critical engagement and public sociology. The first part of the chapter reflects on the critical engagement and positioning of academics in a response to a permanent condition of radical social change in Turkey since the 1950s. The second part underlines the knowledge production at the intersection of the academic and political practices around the debate on Asiatic mode of production and agricultural production that began in the 1960s in Turkey.

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