Three: Ethical issues in health and social care research

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This chapter reviews events that have led to the development of codes of conduct and guidance, together with requirements to conduct ethical reviews of research involving human subjects. An overarching aim of ethical review is to protect the rights, health, and well-being of research participants, utilising an approach that is sensitive to diversity, cultural values, and the social and cultural context in which research is conducted. Ethical principles of respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice are examined and applied to the research context as a basis for decision making. Characteristics of vulnerable groups and special considerations that can apply to their participation in research are considered. Recent developments in the arena of research governance frameworks, intended to provide accountability for the moral acceptability, scientific quality, and safety of research, are also briefly reviewed.

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Contemporary challenges in health and social care