4: The impact on communities and victims

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In order to find out how different community groups and victims in the United Kingdom felt about the effectiveness of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs), seven focus groups were conducted in communities that had been affected by high levels of anti-social behaviour (ASB) and where ASBOs had been used. One of the focus groups was not directly related to specific ASBO cases, but was included in the survey to provide some insight into the attitudes of residents towards ASBOs in locations not directly affected by ASB. Fourteen in-depth interviews with victims and complainants were also carried out. Each victim interview directly corresponds to one or more of the 38 ASBO cases. This chapter summarises the findings, focusing on community expectations and changing levels of tolerance; problems with evidence, intimidation and enforcement; issues of displacement; concern for the vulnerable and marginalised; and competing priorities.

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