This thematic section seeks to contribute to emerging research on gender and policy that combines post-adoption and ideational approaches to address how and why ideas matter in gender equality policy implementation. In this article, the two research streams are first discussed. Next, the potential ingredients for gender transformation from current research are presented and then examined in the cases of post-adoption in Spain, the UK, the Netherlands, France and the Council of Europe in the four contributions to the thematic section. The concluding comparative assessment confirms what research has already found: the interplay between actors, ideas and institutions is crucial. Who comes forward and the ideas and political meanings those actors advance are what ultimately matter, dictated in certain policy sectors by the institutional micro-foundations of that domain. The article ends with the lessons learned from, and next steps that come out of, this thematic section.
Bacchi, C. (1999) Women, Policy and Politics: The Construction of Policy Problems, London and Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Bacchi, C. (2009) The issue of intentionality in frame theory: the need for reflexive framing, in E. Lombardo, P. Meier and M. Verloo (eds) The Discursive Politics of Gender Equality: Stretching, Bending and Policymaking, London: Routledge, pp 19–35.
Ballesteros-Pena, A. and Bustelo, M. (2023) Gender equality in prison reform in Spain: a Gender-biased closed policy system prevents real change, European Journal of Politics and Gender, 6(1): 23–39. doi: 10.1332/251510821X16490897406533
Barrett, S. and Fudge, C. (1981) Policy and Action: Essays on the Implementation of Public Policy, London: Methuen.
Benschop, Y. and Verloo, M. (2006) Sisyphus’ sisters: can gender mainstreaming escape the genderedness of organizations?, Journal of Gender Studies, 15(1): 19–33. doi: 10.1080/09589230500486884
Carey, G., Dickinson, H. and Olney, S. (2019) What can feminist theory offer policy implementation challenges?, Evidence and Policy, 15(1): 143–59. doi: 10.1332/174426417X14881935664929
Chappell, L. (2006) Comparing institutions: revealing the ‘gendered logic of appropriateness’, Politics and Gender, 2(2): 223–5.
Ciccia, R. and Lombardo, E. (2019) Care policies in practice: how discourse matters for policy implementation, Policy and Society, 38(4): 537–53. doi: 10.1080/14494035.2019.1702278
Dahler-Larsen, P. (2011) The Evaluation Society, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Daley, M. (2020) Gender Inequality and Welfare States in Europe, London: Edward Elgar.
Dekker, M. (2023) How apprehensions impact policy implementation: a comparison of Dutch and French campaigns on street harassment, European Journal of Politics and Gender, 6(1): 58–75. doi: 10.1332/251510821X16557137104861
Dombos, T., Krizsán, A., Verloo, M. and Zentai, V. (2012) Critical frame analysis: a comparative methodology for the QUING project, CPS Working Paper, http://pdc.ceu.hu/archive/00006845/01/cps-working-paper-critical-frame-analysis-quing-2012.pdf, (Accessed: 30 Nov 2020).
Engeli, I. and Mazur, A.G. (2018) Taking implementation seriously in assessing success: the politics of gender equality policy, European Journal of Politics and Gender, 1(1–2): 111–29. doi: 10.1332/251510818X15282097548558
Engeli, I. and Mazur, A.G. (eds) (2022) Gender Equality and Policy Implementation in the Corporate World: Making Democracy Work in Business, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ferree, M.M., Gamson, W.A., Gerhards, J. and Rucht, D. (2002) Shaping Abortion Discourse: Democracy and the Public Sphere in Germany and the United States, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
FESTA (Female Empowerment in Science and Technology Academia) (2016) Handbook on resistance to gender equality in academia, www.resge.eu, (Accessed: 3 Jul 2022).
Fischer, F. and Forester, J. (eds) (1993) The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planning, Durham: Duke University Press.
Gains, F. and Lowndes, V. (2022) Identifying the institutional Micro-foundations of gender policy change: a case study of police governance and violence against women and girls, Politics & Gender, 18: 394–421.
Giesen, M. (2023) Framing gender-based violence in multi-level contexts: a networked approach to studying post adoption of the Istanbul Convention, European Journal of Politics and Gender, 6(1): 76–91.
Grace, J. (2011) Gender and institutions of Multi-level governance: child care and social policy debates in Canada, in M.L. Krook and F. Mackay (eds) Gender, Politics and Institutions, London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp 95–111.
Hill, M. and Hupe, P. (2009) Implementing Public Policy, 2nd edn, London: Sage Publications.
Htun, M. and Weldon, L. (2018) The Logics of Gender Justice: State Action on Women’s Rights around the World, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jacquemart, A., Revillard, A. and Bereni, L. (2020) Gender quotas in the French bureaucratic elite: the soft power of restricted coercion, French Politics, 18(1–2): 50–70. doi: 10.1057/s41253-020-00112-y
Jenson, J. (1989) Paradigms and political discourse: protective legislation in France and the United States before 1914, Canadian Journal of Political Science, 22(2): 235–58. doi: 10.1017/S0008423900001293
Kantola, J. (2006) Feminists Theorize the State, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Keck, M.A. and Sikkink, K. (1998) Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Krizsán, A. and Lombardo, E. (2013) The quality of gender equality policies: a discursive approach, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 20(2): 77–92.
Krizsán, A. and Roggeband, C. (2021) Politicizing Gender and Democracy in the Context of the Istanbul Convention, Cham: Palgrave.
La Barbera, M., Espinosa-Fajardo, J. and Caravantes, P. (2022) Implementing intersectionality in public policies: key factors in the Madrid City Council, Politics & Gender, online first, 1–28. doi: 10.1017/S1743923X22000241
Lange, S., Meier, P. and Sauer, B. (eds) (2023) Implementing Gender Quotas in Political Representation: Resisting Institutions, Cham: Palgrave MacMillan.
Ledoux, C. and Dussuet, A. (2020) Elder care allowances in action: missed opportunities for gender transformation, French Politics, 18(1–2): 71–92. doi: 10.1057/s41253-020-00114-w
Lipsky, M. (1980) Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Lombardo, E. and Bustelo, M. (2022) Sexual and sexist harassment in Spanish universities: policy implementation and resistances against gender equality measures, Journal of Gender Studies, 30(1): 8–22. doi: 10.1080/09589236.2021.1924643
Lombardo, E. and Meier, P. (2022) Challenging boundaries to expand frontiers in gender and policy studies, Policy and Politics, 50(1): 99–115. doi: 10.1332/030557321X16309516650101
Lombardo, E. and Mergaert, L. (2013) Gender mainstreaming and resistance to gender training: a framework for studying implementation, NORA – Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, 21(4): 296–311.
Lombardo, E., Meier, P. and Verloo, M. (eds) (2009) The Discursive Politics of Gender Equality. Stretching, Bending and Policymaking, New York: Routledge.
Lowndes, V. (2020) How are political institutions gendered?, Political Studies, 68(3): 543–64. doi: 10.1177/0032321719867667
Majone, G. (1978) The Uses of Policy Analysis in the Future and the Past: Essays on Programs, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp 201–20.
Majone, G. (1989) Evidence, Argument and Persuasion in the Policy Process, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Mazey, S. (2002) Gender mainstreaming strategies in the E.U.: delivering on an agenda?, Feminist Legal Studies, 10: 227–40. doi: 10.1023/A:1021223828355
Mazur, A.G. (1995) Gender Bias and the State: Symbolic Reform at Work in Fifth Republic France, Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Mazur, A.G. (2017) Does feminist policy matter in post industrial democracies? A proposed analytical roadmap, Journal of Women, Politics and Policy, 38(1): 64–83. doi: 10.1080/1554477X.2016.1198210
Mazur, A.G. and Engeli, I. (2020) The search for the elusive recipe for gender equality policy: when implementation matters, French Politics, 13(1–2): 3–27. doi: 10.1057/s41253-020-00117-7
McAdam, D., McCarthy, J.D. and Zald, M.N. (1996) Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements: Political Opportunities, Mobilizing Structures, and Cultural Framings, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McBride, D. and Mazur, A.G. (with Lovenduski, J., Outshoorn, J., Sauer, B. and Guadagnini, M.) (2010) The Politics of State Feminism: Innovation in Comparative Research, Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
Medie, P. and Kang, A.J. (2018) Power, knowledge and the politics of gender in the Global South, European Journal of Politics and Gender, 1(1–2): 37–54. doi: 10.1332/251510818X15272520831157
Mergaert, L. and Lombardo, E. (2014) Resistance to implementing gender mainstreaming in EU research policy, European Integration Online Papers (EIoP), 18(5): 1–21.
Minto, R., Mergaert, L. and Bustelo, M. (2020) Policy evaluation and gender mainstreaming in the European Union: the perfect (mis)match?, European Journal of Politics and Gender, 3(2): 277–94. doi: 10.1332/251510819X15725988471100
Montoya, C. (2013) From Global to Grassroots: The European Union, Transnational Advocacy and Combating Violence against Women, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mügge, L. and Montoya, C. (2018) Intersectionality and the politics of knowledge production, European Journal of Politics and Gender, 1(1): 17–36.
Muller, P. (1990) Les Politiques Publiques, Paris: PUF.
Outshoorn, J. (2004) The Politics of Prostitution: Women’s Movements, Democratic States, and the Globalisation of Sex Commerce, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pressman, J.L. and Wildavsky, A. (1973) Implementation: How Great Expectations in Washington are Dashed in Oakland, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Rees, T. (2005) Reflections on the uneven development of gender mainstreaming in Europe, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 7(4): 555–74. doi: 10.1080/14616740500284532
Richards-Gray, L. (2023) Filling in the middle: the ‘workless’ frame in action in UK welfare reform, European Journal of Politics and Gender, 6(1): 40–57. doi: 10.1332/251510821X16613569438355
Saertren, H. (2014) Implementing the Third-generation research paradigm in policy implementation research: an empirical assessment, Public Policy and Administration, 29(2): 84–105. doi: 10.1177/0952076713513487
Sauer, S. (2010) Framing and gendering, in D. McBride and A. Mazur (eds) The Politics of State Feminism: Innovation in Comparative Research, Pittsburgh, PA: Temple University Press, pp 193–216.
Snow, D.A. and Benford, R. (1988) Ideology, frame resonance, and participant mobilization, International Social Movement Research, 1: 197–218.
Snow, D.A. and Benford, R. (1992) Master frames and cycles of protest, in A. Morris and C.M. Mueller (eds) Frontiers in Social Movement Theory, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Snow, D.A., Rochford, E.B., Worden, S.K. and Benford, R.D. (1986) Frame alignment processes, micro-mobilization, and movement participation, American Sociological Review, 51(4): 464–81. doi: 10.2307/2095581
Stone, D. (1988) Policy Paradox and Political Reason, Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman.
Tildesley, R., Lombardo, E. and Verge, T. (2021) Power struggles in the implementation of gender equality policies: the politics of resistance and counter-resistance in universities, Politics & Gender, 1–32. doi: 10.1017/S1743923X21000167
Verloo, M. (2005) Mainstreaming gender equality in Europe. A frame analysis approach, The Greek Review of Social Research, 117: 11–34.
Verloo, M. (2007) Multiple Meanings of Gender Equality, New York: CEU Press.
Waylen, G. (ed) (2017) Gender and Informal Institutions, London: Rowman and Littlefield.
Weiss, C. (1998) Evaluation: Methods for Studying Programs and Policies, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Zwingel, S. (2016) Translating International Women’s Rights. The CEDAW Convention in Context, London: Palgrave MacMillan.
|May 2022 onwards||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||411||411||320|