Within immigration politics, refugee women are often constructed as care receivers, and the value of their care work in their homes, in their communities and transnationally is absent from immigration politics. The research explores how refugee women understand and situate their relational identity, the meaning of their caring actions and how this is shaped by their relative position within Canadian society. The goal of this analysis is to highlight the importance of care work and how it is shaped by and reproduces inequalities, and to offer counter-narratives to those that have emerged within immigration politics on the contributions of refugee women to Canadian society.
Bernhard, J., Landolt, P. and Goldring, L. (2005) Transnational, multi-local motherhood: Experiences of separation and reunification among Latin American families in Canada, Working Paper Series No. 40, Toronto, ON: Centre of Excellence on Research on Immigration and Settlement.
Boucher, A. (2007) Skill, migration and gender in Australia and Canada: the case of gender-based analysis, Australian Journal of Political Science, 42(3): 383–401.
Braun, V. and Clarke, V. (2006) Using thematic analysis in psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2): 77–101.
Canadian Council for Refugees (2004) More than a nightmare: delays in refugee family reunification, Montreal.
Canadian Council for Refugees (2006) Gender-based analysis of settlement, research report, Montreal.
Crean, M. (2018) Affective formations of class consciousness: care consciousness, The Sociological Review, 66(6): 1177–1193.
Creswell, J.W. (2006) Five qualitative approaches to inquiry, in J.W. Creswell, Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd edn), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, pp 53–84.
Folbre, N. (2006) Measuring care: gender, empowerment and the care economy, Journal of Human Development, 7(2): 183–99.
Fraser, N. (2013) Fortunes of feminism: From state-managed capitalism to neoliberal crisis, London: Verso.
Held, V. (2005) The ethics of care: Personal, political, global, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hill, D.E. (2011) Moving forward: Advancing the economic security of immigrant women in Canada, Thorold: Women’s Economic Council.
IRCC (Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada) (2018a) Family sponsorship, Ottawa: Government of Canada.
IRCC (2018b) Refugees and asylum, Ottawa: Government of Canada.
Lynch, K., Baker, J. and Lyons, M. (2009) Affective equality: Love, care, and injustice, London: Palgrave.
Mahon, R. and Robinson, F. (2011) Feminist ethics and social policy: Towards a new global political economy of care, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
McMichael, C. and Ahmed, M. (2003) Family separation: Somali women in Melbourne, in M. Leach and F. Mansouri (eds) Critical perspectives on refugee policy in Australia: Proceedings of the refugee rights symposium, Melbourne: Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, pp 131–50.
Morantz, G., Rousseau, C., Banerji, A., Martin, C. and Heymann, J. (2013) Resettlement challenges faced by refugee claimant families in Montreal: lack of access to child care, Child and Family Social Work, 18(3): 318–28.
Morris, M. (2001) Gender-sensitive home and community care and caregiving research: A synthesis paper, Ottawa: Women’s Health Bureau, Health Canada.
Raghuram, P. (2012) Global care, local configurations – challenges to conceptualizations of care, Global Networks, 12(2): 155–74.
Razavi, S. and Staab, S. (2012) Global variations in the political and social economy of care: Worlds apart, London: Routledge.
Rousseau, C., Mekki-Berrada, A.W. and Moreau, S. (2001) Trauma and extended separation from family among American and African refugees in Montreal, Psychiatry, 64(1): 40–59.
Statistics Canada (2015) Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report, 89-503-X, Ottawa: Government of Canada.
Stewart, M.J., Neufeld, A., Harrison, M.J., Spitzer, D., Hughes, K. and Makwarimba, E. (2006) Immigrant women family caregivers in Canada: implications for policies and programmes in health and social sectors, Health and Social Care in the Community, 14(4): 329–40.
Tronto, J.C. (1993) Moral boundaries: A political argument for an ethic of care, New York, NY: Routledge.
UN Women (2014) The global economic crisis and gender equality, New York, NY: UN Women.
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