Longitudinal and Life Course Studies
An international journal

The long-term effects of time use during high school on positive development

View author details View Less
  • 1 Global Migration Data Analysis Centre, International Organization for Migration, , Germany
  • | 2 University of Minnesota, , USA
  • | 3 University of Florida, , USA
  • | 4 University of Minnesota, , USA
Restricted access
Get eTOC alerts
Rights and permissions Cite this article

This longitudinal study examines how the time that youth spend in activities during high school may contribute to positive or negative development in adolescence and in early adulthood. We draw on data from 1,103 participants in the longitudinal Youth Development Study (Minnesota), followed from entry to high school to their mid-20s. Controlling demographic, socio-economic and psychological influences, we estimate the effects of average time spent on homework, in extracurricular activities and with friends during the four years of high school on outcomes measured in the final year of high school and 12 years after the start. Our results suggest that policies surrounding the implementation and practice of homework may have long-term benefits for struggling students. In contrast, time spent with peers on weeknights was associated with both short- and long-term maladjustment.

  • 1 Global Migration Data Analysis Centre, International Organization for Migration, , Germany
  • | 2 University of Minnesota, , USA
  • | 3 University of Florida, , USA
  • | 4 University of Minnesota, , USA

Content Metrics

May 2022 onwards Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 15 15 15
PDF Downloads 11 11 11

Altmetrics

Dimensions