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This chapter considers how the state may act to regulate families in line with ideological concerns. It draws on examples of state intervention historically and internationally to illustrate how the state acts towards families. A particular focus is on parenting with consideration of types of parenting and ideas about parenting drawing on political ideologies and policies. A focus on failing families is used to demonstrate discourse and rhetoric in policy with this being used to explore ideas about an underclass.
Practice placements are embedded within university-led academic programmes for the qualifying Approved Mental Health Professional (AMHP) role, which can present a challenge for trainees to understand evidence-applied knowledge, the theory–practice relationship (or boundaries) and general practice ‘competence’. Trainees come to this vocational qualification as experienced mental health professionals who also need to navigate a transition to ‘student’ or ‘adult learner’ status. This chapter explores the unique challenges of these placements for practice education. The chapter critically examines practice education frameworks and discusses their applicability to the specialised statutory mental health practice educator role. In focusing on the tensions around compulsory decision making, the chapter highlights the need for creating a culture within practice education of knowing oneself; critical, honest reflection; and the importance of supervision. The learning environment, potential boundaries around diversity and more subtle aspects of support are discussed, and suggestions for preparing for and framing placements as successful, immersive learning experience are considered.
Before the COVID-19 pandemic, research demonstrated that prison was unhealthy and unsafe for pregnant women (Abbott, 2018; Davies et al 2020). Experiences of being locked inside a prison cell made physiological symptoms of pregnancy harder to manage and generated feelings of anxiety and discomfort. Findings presented in this chapter are from a pilot study which took place during the COVID-19 pandemic which shed light on the challenges during this unique time. Audio-recorded, qualitative, in-depth interviews were conducted virtually with women who provide, or who have provided, pregnancy and birth support in English prisons. This chapter presents the key findings, including: mental health versus physical risk of COVID-19, virtual support, virtual decision making and being released from prison into a global pandemic.
This chapter introduces readers to a group of eco-conscious parents and their households in more detail—who they are, who they live with, their varied priorities in the sustainability realm, and their motivations for sustainability practices. These households try to make decisions for their families and balance their sustainability priorities with constrained resources, which often involves fairly major interventions in conventional ways of getting things done in order to bring their everyday practices into alignment with their values. This chapter argues that there is not a single “sustainability,” with households engaging in sustainability practices to varying degrees of intensity along a green spectrum. Rather, sustainability represents a broad set of values and beliefs for these households. The overlapping sustainability priorities of the households in this study include community well-being, the health of individual family members, nature, technology, and waste avoidance. The sustainability practices of these households are influenced by the unique combinations of priorities, resources, and constraints in each household.
Based on qualitative interviews with sustainability-oriented parents of young children, this book describes what happens when people make interventions into mundane and easy-to-overlook aspects of everyday life to bring the way they get things done into alignment with their environmental values. Because the ability to make changes is constrained by their culture and capitalist society, there are negative consequences and trade-offs involved in these household-level sustainability practices.
The households described in this book shed light on the full extent of the trade-offs involved in promoting sustainability at the household level as a solution to environmental problems.
This second volume from the Women, Family, Crime and Justice (WFCJ) network draws attention to current, real-life issues relating to the experiences, perceptions and social and criminal justice environments for women and families. The current edited collection has a dual focus: the punishment of women in the criminal justice system and violence, abuse and justice experiences. The first theme explores punishments experienced by pregnant prisoners, within an English women’s centre and by ‘BAME’ women supporting incarcerated loved ones. The second theme examines abusive relationships for LGB and/or T+ people, abuse perpetrated by imprisoned women and online misogyny. This unique collection brings together the voices, research and experience of academics, practitioners and service users. In doing so, it outlines the diverse and varied social injustices that continue to trouble those in our communities affected by the criminal justice system.
Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) affects many LGB and/or T+ people’s relationships, yet victims/survivors rarely seek help from the police or specialist DVA support services. This chapter reports on findings from the ‘Coral Project’, which focused on LGB and/or T+ people’s use of abusive behaviours. Focus groups were conducted with practitioners in what we term ‘relationships services’, working directly or indirectly supporting people with their intimate relationships. The analysis revealed varying conceptualisations of DVA in different practice cultures and an unmet need for support for DVA which falls below the threshold for criminal justice or specialist DVA service intervention. We conclude with recommendations for providing more inclusive and accessible relationships services.
Reflective practice has a prominent and well-established place in professional education and practice. At the same time, professionals need to consider their own personal liabilities during a time of litigious and blaming culture, and the economic benefits that arise from their continuing employment. This chapter considers whether the models of reflective practice are sufficient to enable reflective practice to occur for professionals on their own or in groups. Other roles in society where competence is vital to safeguard lives benefit from ‘safe spaces’ to discuss their practice without fear of liability or loss of employment.
The chapter will aim to explore why there is a need to create space at policy and practice level to accommodate the emotional needs of the Approved Mental Health Professional (AMHP). In a recent draft submission of a set of principles for AMHP services, acting as a form of guidance to local authorities and health managers, it dedicates little space to thinking about models for reflective space to support AMHPs in this multifarious and complex role. It speaks of the importance of health and safety, the risk of losing staff and ‘honest and open communication’. There is a growing recognition in social work about the value of reflective groups, yet little has been written about reflective groups and what model is both productive and sustainable, particularly in adult and mental health social work. The author argues that a reflective group underpinned by psychoanalytic ideas can bring value to the AMHP workforce. Using illustrations from two cases presented at an AMHP reflective group, run monthly (based on the Work Discussion and Balint models – both derived from the Tavistock Clinic). These cases will serve to illuminate how, through the reflective group, AMHPs have the opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of themselves and the interpersonal dynamics involved in the work. By having a bounded space for AMHPs that focuses on the anxieties and emotion of the participants, asking them to bring a case that is on their mind, while at the same time striving for a non-judgemental space, a ‘not knowing’ – a prelude to ‘getting to know’, a space for reverie and exploration – without there being a right way to do or have done and allowing imagination and curiosity to flow, will yield new lines of thought and enquiry.
This chapter introduces students to a range of relevant political ideologies and aims to illustrate how political parties move along the Left–Right axis showing how governments are rarely consistent in terms of ideology. Importantly, in respect of issues such as Black Lives Matter we explore neoconservatism, something which is often overlooked in texts. We demonstrate that neoliberalism is not necessarily a laissez faire approach and show how, although Labour may often be presented as left wing, under Blair they introduced approaches that reflected neoliberalism.