Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 454 items for :

Clear All
Full Access

Drawing on video data collected between June and September of 2020, this piece reveals the unique challenges presented by COVID-19 frontline domestic abuse workers in the UK and provides critical reflections from the authors in the form of a collective interview. This innovative study uses participant-led data collection (in the form of self-recorded video diaries) and filmed focus groups with CEOs of UK charities, parliamentarians, the police and NHS professionals. The authors produced a film, Lifeline, drawing on the knowledge produced from these focus groups and video-diaries, foregrounding the voices of the women who work in this sector. The conversation presented here unpacks the complexities of representing domestic violence provision both in creative and academic outputs. Furthermore, the conversation reveals the epistemological challenges that come with representing and understanding the impact of COVID-19 on the domestic violence sector.

Restricted access

Natural disasters and pandemics bring new risks and dangers to women and their children. In particular, various factors stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, such as economic instability, additional stress and increased control over victims led to an increase in both prevalence and severity of intimate partner violence. Based on the findings of a study conducted by the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), this article examines the main challenges during the first months of the COVID-19 crisis (March–September 2020) and analyses institutional responses to facilitate access to support services for victims. Relying on a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, the study highlights the role of European Union (EU) Member States in improving long-term responses to gender-based violence in times of crises. The study also gives particular attention to emerging promising practices and holistic approaches towards the gender-based violence crisis stemming from the pandemic, describing selected examples of initiatives adopted across the EU and identifying main areas of improvement.

Restricted access

As indicated by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 80 per cent of women in Bangladesh experience partner violence (). Given this prevalence, it is essential to assess factors, transcending the personal, that precipitate such violence. Using the lens of structural violence and supporting studies showing that violence of one form engenders another, we posit that a lack of sanitation that leads to open defecation also contributes to an increased likelihood of partner violence. This study uses data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2007 to explicate the association between open defecation and partner violence among women in Bangladesh. Results show that in our sample of 4466 women, almost 9 per cent reported open defecation, 18.4 per cent reported physical violence, and 10.2 per cent reported sexual violence. In the multivariate analyses, the adjusted prevalence ratios indicate that open defecation is significantly associated with sexual violence by partners (APR=1.30, p<0.05) but not physical violence. Implications are discussed.

Restricted access
Author: Rob White

Climate change continues to be the most significant and urgent matter of our time. Global warming is not ‘natural’. It is human made. The resultant climate change is distorting what used to be the familiar patterns of weather. All of this is entirely due to the continued collusion of national and state/provincial leaders with the fossil fuel industries and other degraders of the environment. Yet even in the face of these contemporary changes, the Earth continues to be a battleground where plundering of resources and pollution of the planet is rampant and inexorably moving towards an even more radically altered ecological state. Prominent world leaders are diminishing emission controls and environmental protections, burning forests and fracking oils, and actively encouraging violence against Indigenous peoples and local farmers. Much of this occurs in so-called rural and remote locations, away from prying media eyes and governmental purview. The geographies of ecocide provide insight into how crimes of the powerful are perpetrated and communities victimised. This chapter considers questions of eco-justice from the point of view of place and ‘sights unseen’.

Restricted access
Author: Andrew Wooff

Scotland is classed as 94 per cent rural, with 18 per cent of the population living in inaccessible and remote rural locations. Policing in these contexts requires the use of discretion, order maintenance and an intricate knowledge of the rural communities being policed. Policing in Scotland has undergone significant changes since 2013, with eight forces being amalgamated to form a single police force. With large societal changes, including the COVID-19 pandemic, rural communities have undergone significant transitions in the way they interact with law enforcement. Not only has this led to a reorganisation of how policing is done nationally, but it has also impacted on the way rural communities are policed and the context for social control in these locations. Utilising the theoretical concepts of ‘abstract policing’ and the ‘totality of rural space’, this chapter brings together data collected across two case studies in rural Scotland to consider the importance of different rural contexts for understanding rural policing and examine how organisational change and COVID-19 have impacted on police–community relations.

Restricted access

Empirical and theoretical work on woman abuse in rural and remote places increased dramatically in the latter part of the 2010s. There is now strong international evidence showing that rural women are at higher risk of experiencing rapes, beatings and other types of male-to-female assaults than are women who reside in more densely populated area. Moreover, most of the studies and theories produced to date are informed by feminist ways of knowing and prioritise the gendered nature of woman abuse. The objectives of this chapter are twofold: to review the extant feminist social scientific literature on woman abuse in rural and remote places; and to suggest new research trajectories.

Restricted access
Author: Vania Ceccato

Rural crime and safety is a neglected area of research. This chapter challenges the notion of a rural idyll and other assumptions of crime and safety in rural environments by highlighting 15 reasons why scholars, decision-makers and society as a whole should care about victimisation and safety perceptions of people living in the rural–urban continuum. It considers why rural crime is worth investigating, taking each reason in turn and applying an international lens. The chapter discusses common misconceptions concerning rural crime and safety and, in so doing, makes a powerful case for far greater attention to the dynamics of crime and safety for those living in the rural–urban continuum and, more importantly, engaging societal and academic action into this process. It concludes by drawing attention to the contemporary dynamics of rural areas and calls for new societal and academic action to make crime and safety in the countryside a subject worth examining in its own right.

Restricted access

This chapter contemplates the past, present and future of rural criminology, considering its transformation from a niche area of interest in the criminological field, oft overlooked, to what has become a burgeoning subdiscipline in its own right with an enviable growth trajectory. It reflects on the chance encounters that have brought together scholars and others from disparate academic spaces and geographic places to study rural crime. In so doing, it considers the notion of borders in a globalised world, the role and importance of networks, rural criminology as public criminology. The chapter contemplates what the future might hold, and recommends several actions to facilitate its advancement well into the twenty-first century. Even in a globalised world, both physical and intangible borders persist. Sometimes these borders can be glaringly obvious, some are curious, and others are controversial and contentious both historically and now. Borders also serve as metaphors for the divisions imposed in the academy. The chapter muses on how rural criminology provides an effective crossing of our own boundaries, and in the process how it has created an inclusive and dynamic space for research, scholarship and practice.

Restricted access
Authors: Matt Bowden and Artur Pytlarz

Late-modern times have been described as a ‘runaway world’; fast paced, globalised and consumerist. The transition to this stage of modernity, it is held, has been made possible by advances in computer technology and telecommunications that would transform the nature of work, leisure, consumption and, more importantly for our purposes, the relationship between the citizen and the state. Capturing the criminological implications of some of these changes, various criminologists have described how citizens in a hollowed out, smaller nation state, could not expect that state to provide security: that would now be the responsibility of the citizen to self-discipline and to fit themselves with security gadgetry for their own protection. This chapter draws a conceptual map of theories of late modernity and applies them to the nature of transformations in the rural. A theoretical case is developed, based upon ongoing empirical work in a highly globalised society with that has undergone a high-tech–driven economic growth, colliding both urban and rural worlds. The chapter considers how security responsibilisation becomes manifest in the rural, centring on the inclusion (and potential exclusion) of rural citizens in information flows.

Restricted access