Lived experiences of online and offline victimisation
Authors: and


Authors: and

This book examines British Islamophobia both in the cyber and physical world. Drawing from qualitative data elicited through a national UK-based study, this text considers the online and offline experiences of ‘visible’ Muslim men and women as victims of Islamophobia and the impacts of these attacks upon victims, their families and wider communities. Key themes that emerge from the research findings include ‘trigger’ events of local, national and international significance. Accordingly, terrorist attacks carried out by individuals who identify themselves as being Muslim or acting in the name of Islam – such as the Woolwich attack, the atrocities committed by ISIS and attacks around the world such as Sydney, the Charlie Hebdo and Bataclan attacks in Paris, as well as attacks in Copenhagen and Tunisia – increase Muslims’ vulnerability to Islamophobic attacks, both online and offline. The book highlights the multidimensional nature of Islamophobia, and recognises the fact that there is a relationship between online and offline Islamophobic attacks, especially in the globalised world. The Short concludes with recommendations for preventing and responding to Islamophobia, both online and offline.

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