Front Matter

Efforts to prevent sexual violence against women and children can be evidenced by many local, national, global initiatives. In 2016, the World Health Organisation published its Global Plan of Action to address violence against women and children. The strategy called for a global and nationwide public health multisectoral response to preventing violence. This collection aims to respond to this call by examining academic and practitioner perspectives of current approaches that claim to respond to both victims and perpetrators of sexual violence in preventing future violence. Contributors across this collection, critically examine contemporary policy and practice, highlighting existing gaps in our knowledge, problems in policy and service delivery; as well as recommending possibilities and future solutions that might begin to address some of the challenges faced by stakeholders in this field.

Preventing Sexual Violence

Problems and Possibilities

Edited by

Stephanie Kewley and Charlotte Barlow

First published in Great Britain in 2020 by

Bristol University Press

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© Bristol University Press 2020

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

ISBN 978-1-5292-0376-9 hardcover

ISBN 978-1-5292-0371-4 ePub

ISBN 978-1-5292-0373-8 ePdf

The right of Stephanie Kewley and Charlotte Barlow to be identified as editors of this work has been asserted by them in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

All rights reserved: no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior permission of Bristol University Press.

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If, however, anyone knows of an oversight, please contact the publisher.

The statements and opinions contained within this publication are solely those of the editors and contributors and not of the University of Bristol or Bristol University Press. The University of Bristol and Bristol University Press disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any material published in this publication.

Bristol University Press works to counter discrimination on grounds of gender, race, disability, age and sexuality.

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Front cover image: Henrik Donnestad /

Printed and bound in Great Britain by CPI Group (UK) Ltd, Croydon, CR0 4YY

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This book is dedicated to all victim/survivors of sexual violence. We further dedicate this work to the professionals who provide care and support to those affected by sexual violence.


  • Notes on Contributors vii

  1. Introduction 1

  2. 1Rendering the Ordinary Extraordinary in Order to Facilitate Prevention: The Case of (Sexual) Violence against Women

    Sandra Walklate and Jude McCulloch 9

  3. 2What Do We Know about the Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of Children? Implications for Research and Practice

    Sarah Brown 25

  4. 3Preventing Sexual Violence against Older Women

    Hannah Bows 43

  5. 4“And Where You Go, I’ll Follow”: Stalking and the Complex Task of Preventing It

    Jenny Korkodeilou 63

  6. 5Reporting as Risk: The Dangers of Criminal Justice for Survivors of Sexual Violence

    Stephanie Fohring 79

  7. 6Disclosing Sexual Crime

    Mark Naylor 95

  8. 7Behavioural Crime Linkage in Rape and Sexual Assault Cases

    Amy Burrell and Matthew Tonkin 111

  9. 8The Istanbul Convention: A Genuine Confirmation of the Structural Nature of Domestic Violence against Women within a Human Rights Law Framework?

    Gizem Guney 131

  10. 9Women Who Commit Sexual Offences: Improving Assessment to Prevent Recidivism

    Cristiana Cardoso and Stephanie Kewley 149

  • Concluding Thoughts 171

  • Index 175

Notes on Contributors

Charlotte Barlow is Lecturer at Lancaster University Law School. Charlotte’s research falls within the remit of feminist criminology; she is particularly interested in the ways in which gender and intersecting inequalities influence pathways into crime, offending behaviour, experiences of violence and abuse and interactions with the criminal justice system. Her recent and ongoing research projects include police officer responses to coercive control, media and legal representations of female co-offenders and a qualitative exploration of co-offending women’s pathways into crime and experiences of coercion and agency.

Hannah Bows is Assistant Professor in Criminal Law and Director of Equality and Diversity at Durham Law School. She is Co-Director of the Centre for Criminal Law and Criminal Justice and Deputy Director of the Centre for Research into Violence and Abuse. Hannah’s research interests are broadly located within the fields of violence against women, victimology, feminist and socio-legal theory. Over the last six years she has conducted research examining different forms of violence against older people, with a specific focus on domestic violence, sexual violence and homicide of older women.

Sarah Brown is Professor of Forensic Psychology at the Centre for Advances in Behavioural Science, Coventry University and Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Arts, Business and Law, Law School, USC, Queensland, Australia. Sarah’s research has focused on the characteristics of perpetrators of sexual and intimate partner violence, most recently having conducted research for the Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse to examine this in respect of child sexual exploitation (CSE).

Amy Burrell is Assistant Professor in Forensic Psychology at Coventry University. She is a founding member of the Crime Linkage International Network (C-LINK). Amy has several research areas of interest including crime linkage, behavioural investigative advice, robbery, violent crime, violence in the night-time economy, alcohol-related violence, burglary, missing people and dementia.

Cristiana Cardoso is Assistant Lecturer in Criminology at the School of Psychological, Social and Behavioural Sciences at Coventry University. She is currently studying towards her PhD at Birmingham City University, in which she aims to examine how a primary and secondary prevention approach (alike Dunkelfeld in Germany) for women and men who committed (or are at risk of) sexual offences against children in the UK could help address protective factors successfully.

Stephanie Fohring is Lecturer in Criminology at Edinburgh Napier University. Prior to beginning at Napier, Stephanie completed a British Academy Post-Doctoral fellowship at the University of Edinburgh, where she also completed her PhD. Stephanie’s research surrounds victims of crime, and is primarily concerned with issues surrounding victim labelling, psychological responses to victimisation, and (non)involvement with the criminal justice system. Other emerging areas of interest include vicarious or secondary trauma and post-traumatic growth.

Gizem Guney is Teaching Fellow in Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Portsmouth. Her PhD concentrated on the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence with regard to its potential effects on International Human Rights Law and the Turkey case.

Stephanie Kewley is Senior Lecturer in Forensic Psychology at Liverpool John Moores University. Stephanie’s research interests are in the exploration and application of strengths-based approaches when working with marginalised populations. Rather than fixate on the causes of harmful behaviours, she is interested in how to help people move away from such behaviours and thus prevent further harm.

Jenny Korkodeilou is Lecturer in Criminology in the Department of Law and Criminology at the Royal Holloway University of London. She previously worked as a lecturer in Criminology at Sheffield and Salford universities. She has single-authored and published for the British Journal of Criminology and International Review of Victimology. Her research expertise and interests centre around stalking/harassment and related psychosocial harms, violence against women, interpersonal violence and criminal justice system responses, victimology/victimisation and qualitative research methods.

Jude McCulloch is Professor of Criminology in the School of Political and Social Inquiry at Monash University. Jude’s research investigates the integration of war and crime, police and the military, and security and crime control. Her recent research projects focus on crime risk, prevention and family violence. In 2016 Jude was commissioned with four other social scientists at Monash to conduct a comprehensive review of the Victorian Family Violence Common Risk Assessment and Management Framework. She is also currently serving on a ministerial taskforce for the prevention of family violence.

Mark Naylor joined the police in 2002. He is a detective sergeant on Divisional CID, dealing with serious assaults, arson, sexual offences, blackmail, fraud and threats to life. Mark is Police Support Unit and taser trained, and a force negotiator, dealing with people in crisis. Mark also conducts structured debriefs for colleagues who have dealt with traumatic incidents. He also has a keen interest in welfare.

Matthew Tonkin is Associate Professor in Criminology at the University of Leicester. Matthew’s research interest is in investigative psychology, crime analysis, and correctional contexts such as prisons and forensic psychiatric hospital. Matthew has conducted research on a range of topics within investigative psychology, including offender profiling, geographical profiling and crime linkage. For example, he is one of the founding members of the Crime Linkage International Network (C-LINK).

Sandra Walklate is the Eleanor Rathbone Chair of Sociology and Professor of Sociology, Social Policy, and Criminology at the University of Liverpool. Throughout her career Sandra has maintained an interest in criminal victimisation that in more recent times has been extended both substantially and conceptually to include the impact of ‘new terrorism’ and war. Her most recent work has extended this interest in war through a critical engagement with criminological understandings of war and its consequences through a gendered lens. She is currently conjoint Professor of Criminology at the University of Monash, Melbourne, Australia.

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