Index

Comparing self-build experiences in city-regions over three continents, this book spans gigantic local differences. In order to make sense of comparison, a strict selection of paradigm is made to focus the analysis in all cases on the same relationships. The paradigm combines critical economic theory (coined by David Harvey) and cultural institutional analysis (inspired by Henri Lefebvre) in order to focus on the struggle between material and immaterial forces underlying the local performances. The analysis focuses both on the micro level performances and at the trans scalar social and political conditions to these practices. The commissioning role of residents vis-à-vis the role of the leading social movements focus on the social normalisation of moral ownership of the poor residents. The challenge is to sustain this active institutionalisation also in future processes of professionalization as the relationships on the lower segments of housing markets appear to be vulnerable for commercial economic exploitation.

Index

A

Accra, Ghana 62 , 63 , 64
Acosta, A 123
Addis Ababa 63 , 64
Affordable Housing Foundation 80
Africa 2 , 247
cities 5864 , 71
housing policies 257259
self-building 5761
social deficits in 191
Agricultural University of Tirana 230
Agro-ecological Exchange 114
agro-ecological front 113116 , 251
agro-export economy 122 , 212
Agro-Forest System (SAF) 114
Albania 50 , 236 , 255
history of housing 231233
informal development 233238
urban development 229231
Alianza Solidaria Housing Cooperative (COOVIAS) 121 , 127 , 129135 , 251
Almere 144 , 148 , 149 , 151 , 3 , 253
alternative technologies 101 , 110 , 251
Amnesty Law 173174 , 178
Amsterdam 144 , 148
history of urban development 218223
and Sao Paulo 210211
Andino & Asociados (architects) 131
apartment blocks 172 , 231
architects 131 , 149 157 , 232
Association of Multiple Cooperatives of Quito (ACMQ) 129
Austria 45 , 46

B

banking 28 , 82 , 94 , 127 , 236
Bank of the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security (BIESS) 127
Bank of the Habitat 194
basin, evaporation-transpiration (BET) 106 , 115
Bathore 230 , 236 , 239
Belgium 50 , 5152 , 146
BET see basin, evaporation-transpiration
Bobo-Dioulasso 66 , 193 , 195 , 197 , 202
Bolivia 24 , 248
Brazil 23 , 24 , 26 , 31
cities 27 , 79 , 96
history of self-building in 2733
housing policies 30 , 38 , 39 , 8083 , 104
new constitution 103
population 25 , 79 , 216 , 217
Brazil and Latin America 38
Buenos Aires 24
building materials 196 , 198
building regulations 159161 , 198
building strategies 157159
building workforce 27
bureaucracy 199203
Burkinabe Movement of Human Rights and Peoples (MBDHP) 205
Burkina Faso 59
history of urban development 192194
housing costs 197199
infrastructure 191
public housing 194200

C

Caixa (federal bank) 37 , 82 , 94 , 104 , 109
capitalism 6 , 9 , 246
case studies 14 , 70 , 79 , 101 , 149151
catalogue building 149 , 159
Catholic Church 31 , 34 , 105 , 251
Central African Republic 57
Central Bank of Ecuador 128
Chile 24 , 39 , 121 , 248
Christian Democratic policies 219
cities 58 , 6164
Albania 229231
distribution of wealth in 7
migration to 23 , 59 , 167 , 229
spatial design 223224
citizen-empowering programmes (England) 49
citizen rights 225
City Management Centre (CEGECI) 197
City Statute 8384 , 88
civic movements 256
civil society, and housing planning 205206
‘class consciousness’ 102
collaborative housing 145
collective action 3536 , 101 , 230 , 232 , 239240
College of Architecture and Fine Arts 31
colonial legacy 122 , 192
Columbia 248
commissioning role 4 , 4852 , 245 , 250 , 264265
Communitarian Village 31 , 32
compensation 235
Conakry, Niger 62 , 63
condominiums 88 , 172 , 214
Construction Financing, of Social Interest Housing (FICAM) 215
construction process 110113 , 211 , 232
Construction Works Follow-Up (CAO) 86
contested urban governance 13 , 24 , 4344 , 246 , 260
Africa 5761
Cooperation of Movements of Housing Associations, Mutual Aid and Self-Management 81
cooperative movement 127
cooperatives 129135 , 171 , 174 , 232 , 235 , 251
Co-PLAN 239
costs 146 , 153155
council houses 46
Covas, Mário 35

D

Dandara building 9093 , 96 , 249
Dar es salaam 63
da Silva, President Luis 37
De Bruijne, G.A 61
Denmark 45 , 47 , 146
de Soto, Hernando 910
‘Disaster Law’ 178 , 179
Droste, C 51
Dutch housing 162 , 220 , 254

E

earthquakes 178
Eastern Europe 50 , 229
social housing 47
ecological park 133134
Ecuador 123 , 131 , 247 , 251
cooperatives 127129
rural migration 121
Ecuadorian Housing Bank (BEV) 123 , 131
Emlak Konut REIT 179180
England 4849
citizen-empowering programmes 49
council/social housing 45 , 46
environmental conservation 113 , 134
environmental quality 134 , 135 , 173 , 183
Erundina, Luiza 32 , 33 , 34
Ethiopia 57 , 64
Europe 2 , 4345 , 50
housing policies 252257
urban regimes in 209210
welfare economies 48
European Union housing regulations 222

F

families 24 , 32 , 38 , 103 , 113 , 237
eligibility for housing 86
participation of 94
Family Collective Effort 29
family networks 47 , 58 , 215
favelas 23 , 28 , 39 , 214 , 216 , 259
Federal Constitution 82
Federal Housing and Urbanism Service (SERFAU) 80
Federal Savings Bank see Caixa (federal bank)
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) 101 , 105 , 106
Federation of Housing Cooperatives (EECOVI) 128
finance for housing 38 , 149 , 160 , 161 , 197
Albania 236
Brazil 103
Ecuador 124 , 126128
Istanbul 171 , 174
financial considerations 155156
financial crash 37 , 84
Financial Housing System 34 , 80
Financing for Urbanised Lots (PROFILURB) 80
Fire Department licence 93
food producers 6570
food production 58 , 113 , 231 , 258
foreign investment 61 , 71 , 256
France 44 , 45 , 46
Freire, Paulo 132
French West Africa, land registration system 193
Fund for Social Development (FDS) 37
Fund for the Service to the Population in Sub-Normal Housing (FUNAPS) 32 , 34
Fund for the Service to the Population in Sub-Normal Housing Communal (FUNACOM) 32 , 3335 , 34 , 82

G

garbage collection 212 , 214
gated communities 218
gecekondu 169171 , 177 , 181
General Law of Financial System Institutions 124
Germany 44 , 46 , 50 , 127
Ghana 57 , 62
globalisation 8 , 13 , 214
Gohn, M 29
Gomide, R 29
Government Platform of Social Development 127
Government Severance Indemnity Fund for Workers (FGTS) 82
grass-roots initiatives 48 , 50 , 125 , 205
Growth Acceleration Programme (PAC) 83 , 217
Guayaquil 121 , 122 , 128
Guislain, Pierre 6061

H

Habitat Fund 197
Harvey, David 9 , 10 , 246
Homeruskwartier, Almere 148
case study 149151
demographics 151152
self-building scheme 144
Housing, Transport and Mobility, Sanitation and Urban Programmes 217
Housing and Urban Development Company (CDHU) 32 , 33
Housing and Urban Development Ministry (MIDUVI) 126
housing associations 6 , 220221
Housing Campaign, Turkey 179
housing cooperatives 127129
housing costs, Burkina Faso 197199
Housing Finance System (SFH) 215
Housing Incentive Scheme (SIV) 126
Housing Movements, First Meeting of 81
Housing of Social interest (HIS) 84
housing rights movements 104
Housing Team 31
Hungary, social housing 45

I

industrialisation 66 , 168 , 212 , 229
Industry Labour Force (IAPI) 80
inequality, in Africa 62
informal settlements 27 , 60 , 6064 , 230 , 256
infrastructure 23 , 29 , 172 , 195 , 211 , 217
basic 249
Burkina Faso 191
sewage 113 , 214
in Tirana 241
Infrastructure & Industrialization of the African Development Bank (AFDB) 60
Institute of Agriculture 231
Institute of Retirement and Pension 80
Institutions of the Financial System (1994) 129
Integra (technical advisory team) 93
Inter-American Development Bank (IBD) 126
irrigation 6869
Istanbul 256
aggressive neoliberalism 176182
emergent neoliberalism 172176
housing regimes 167171
property exchange values 182185

J

Juliana Revolution 127
Justice and Development Party (AKP) 177

K

Kamëz 230 , 232
Kampala 63
Knorr-Siedow, T 51
knowledge workers 7 , 222
kossodo 66

L

labour force 59 , 169 , 215 , 232
Lagos 63 , 64
Lai, D 59
land banks 88
land disputes 87
Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST) 105
land prices 81 , 121 , 155 , 167 , 175 , 202
land titles 10 , 193 , 237
Las Cuadras Park 127
‘La Solidaridad’ 130
Latin America 2 , 33 , 39 , 247
cities 2326 , 102
League of Tenants 123
Lefebvre, H 44 , 184 , 246
Writings on Cities 12
legal city 211 , 215
Linear Park 134
living space 160
López, Sandra 133 , 135
Lula, President 36 , 82 , 217

M

mapping arrangements of housing, in Europe 4547
Maria Domitila building 89 , 9395 , 250
Marmara 178
Maricato, E 96
Marx, Karl 10
mass housing 39 , 85 , 180 , 249 , 254 , 259
Mass Housing Administration (TOKI) 174 , 178 , 179181 , 184
Melo, Fabián 132 , 137
methodology 1214 , 148
Mexico 24 , 39
migration to the city 23 , 59 , 121 , 167 , 229 , 235
Ministry of Environment and Urbanism 178
Ministry of Habitat 194
Ministry of Housing and Urban Planning 197
Ministry of the Cities 24 , 82 , 85 , 86 , 104 , 217
Ministry of Urban Planning and Construction 202
moral ownership 245257
Municipal Corporation of Environmental Health 134
Municipal Housing Office 33
My House, My Life Programme-Entities (PMCMVE) 79 , 83 , 8589 , 103 , 109110 , 249
My House, My Life Programme-FAR (PMCMV- FAR) 94
My House, My Life Programme (PMCMV) 3738 , 83 , 8485 , 214

N

National Collective Efforts Programme of the Special Office of Communal Action (SEAC) 34
National Forum for Urban Reform (FNRU) 103
National Housing Bank (BNH) 28 , 80 , 213
National Housing Board (INV) 123
National Housing Fund of Social Interest (FNHIS) 84
National Housing Plan (PLANHAB) 80 , 84 , 94
National Housing System of Social Interest (SNHIS) 84
National Movement for Housing Rights in Brazil (MNLM) 101 , 105108
National Movement for Urban Reform 81
National Popular Housing Union (UNMP) 36
National Urban Land Development Company (SONTAUR) 197
neoliberalism 9 , 168 , 173
Netherlands 6 , 45 , 46 , 144 , 218223
social housing 44 , 49
turnkey housing 162
New Labour, tenant management 48
Niger 57 , 62
non-governmental organisations (NGOs) 49 , 135 , 184 , 230 , 239 , 255
non-state actors 238240
North American subprime crisis 37
North-Western Europe 2 , 14 , 247
social housing 4345 , 5253

O

occupations of buildings 5 , 27 , 89 , 96 , 105 , 255
Odriozola, Jones 124 , 126
Öncü, A 167
Organizing Entity - EO 86 , 87
Ouagadougou 58 , 61 , 191196 , 197 , 202 , 258
food producers 6570
Owen, Robert 127
ownership 196 , 245257
in Belgium 5152
definition of 5
in Europe 44

P

PAC- Urbanisation of the Slums 83
parcel subdivision 204
Peru 24 , 248
Pieterse, Edgar 60
popular movements 29 , 32 , 33 , 36
Portugal 47
Pouw, N.R.M 61
poverty 57 , 59 , 61 , 62
precarious housing 23 , 24 , 34 , 122 , 195
prestigious residences 218
privatisation 102 , 172
productivity levels 62 , 65
Programme for the Eradication of Sub-habitation (PROMORAR) 215
Programme of Sub-Housing Eradication (Promorar) 28
Promotion of Local Building Materials (LOCOMAT) 197
public amenities 126 , 127 , 219 , 242
public spaces 105 , 134 , 232
Purcell, M 12 , 44

Q

Quito 121 , 122 , 123 , 124 , 128 , 135
Quitumbe Bus Terminal 127
Quitumbe plan 125127

R

real estate developers 126 , 197 , 201202
Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) 179
Recanto de Alegria (Joy Place) 31
regulation 1516 , 178 , 234 , 258
renting 5 , 27 , 52
Representatives (CRE) 86
Residental Lease Programme (PAR) 82
Residential Leasing Fund 38
residents 4852 , 143147
revolution in Ecuador 127
Right to Buy 46
right to the city 3 , 12 , 83 , 105 , 122 , 184
Rio de Janeiro 24 , 27 , 101
Rodrigues, Evaniza 37
Rotterdam 50 , 220

S

São Bento Environmental Protection Area (APA) 113
São Bernando do Campo 31 , 81
São Paulo 24 , 26 , 2931 , 79 , 81
and Amsterdam 210211
history of urban development 211217
self-management experience 8994
São Paulo City Hall 82
São Paulo Collective Efforts Programme 32 , 3536
São Paulo Housing Movements (UMM/SP) 81
Scandinavian countries 45 , 46
self-building 39 , 143147 , 149151
customisation 153155
history in Brazil 27
motivations of builders 151152
by the poor in Africa 6468
rationales and strategies 145148
Self-Building Programme/Ovenbird Project 29
Self-management in São Paulo 2933
Senegal 57
Single Window Land (GUF) 199200
Skidelsky, R 10
slums 57 , 60 , 63 , 79 , 195
Smith, Adam 10
Social Development Fund 85 , 86
‘social dispossesion’ 10
social function of property 8384
social housing 211
Burkina Faso 199201
Dutch 254
in England 4446
in Europe 4351 , 253
Socialist Party 229 , 232
social movements 103
Social Rental Programme 96
social unrest 241
Social Welfare Office (SEBES) 29
soil survey 198
Solano Trinidade 101 , 102 , 110113 , 251
and growing food 114
occupation 104107
Solidaridad Quitumbe 130 , 136
Solidarity Association for the Right to Housing (ASP/DROL) 205
Solidary Loan Programme 3637 , 103
Southern Europe, social housing 47
spatial development 71
speculation 196 , 256
Squatter Housing Law 170 , 174
squatting 31 , 60 , 64 , 169170
subprime crisis 37
Superintendence of Popular housing (HABI) 34
Sweden 44 , 45 , 47

T

Taksim Gezi Park 184
Tanaka, M 29
Tax on Commerce of Goods and Services 35
technical advice 28 , 31 , 34 , 93 , 104108 , 131
Tekeli 176
Thatcher, Margaret 46
Tirana 229 , 231 , 236
Turkey 50 , 172
Amnesty Law 173174
cities in 167
‘Disaster Law’ 178
housing regimes 167171
squatting 170 , 174
Turner, John 28
turnkey housing 162

U

Unification of the Tenements and Housing struggles Movement (ULCM) 89 , 94
United Nations 1 , 9
Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) 23 , 60 , 71
State of the World Cities 2016 58
urban development
in Africa 5961
Albania 229231
in Quito 122127
in Turkey 180
Urbanised Allotments Financing Programme (PROFILURB) 215
Urbanised Allotments Financing Programme (Profilurb) 28
urban populations 63 , 64 , 247
urban regime theory 210
urban transformation 175 , 179
Uruguay 81 , 121 , 248
housing cooperatives 31 , 36 , 39
Uruguayan Federation of Cooperative Housing for Mutual aid (FUCVAM)housing co-operatives 81
USA 10 , 37 , 128 , 146

V

Van der Vegt, J 152
Vargas, Getulio 80
Venezuela 24 , 39

W

water 23 , 58 , 62 , 66 , 214
welfare economies 43 , 48 , 219220
women 59 , 115
Workers’ Party 31 , 103 , 251
World Bank 28 , 239
Writings on Cities 12

Y

yap-sat 168 , 174 , 177 , 181
young adults 58 , 195

Content Metrics

May 2022 onwards Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 9 6 0
PDF Downloads 3 2 1

Altmetrics