Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 21 items for

  • Author or Editor: Christopher Deeming x
Clear All Modify Search
Moral Conflicts in Global Social Policy

The ongoing social crises and moral conflicts evident in global social policy debates are addressed in this timely volume.

Leading interdisciplinary scholars focus on the ‘social’ of social policy, which is increasingly conceived in a globalised form, as new international agreements and global goals engender social struggles. They tackle pressing ‘social questions’, many of which have been exacerbated by COVID-19, including growing inequality, changing world population, ageing societies, migration and intersectional disadvantage.

This ground-breaking volume critically engages with contested conceptions of the social which are increasingly deployed by international institutions and policy makers. Focusing on social sustainability, social cohesion, social justice, social wellbeing and social progress this text is even more crucial as policy makers look to accelerate socially sustainable solutions to the world’s biggest challenges.

Restricted access
International and Comparative Policy Perspectives

Research into minimum income standards and reference budgets around the world is compared in this illuminating collection from leading academics in the field.

From countries with long established research traditions to places where it is relatively new, contributors set out the different aims and objectives of investigations into the minimum needs and requirements of populations, and the historical contexts, theoretical frameworks and methodological issues that lie behind each approach.

For policymakers, practitioners and social policy and poverty academics, this essential review of learnings to date and future prospects for research is all the more relevant in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, testing health and social protection systems around the globe.

Restricted access
Social investment for sustainable and inclusive growth

Christopher Deeming and Paul Smyth together with internationally renowned contributors propose that the merging of the ‘social investment’ and ‘inclusive growth and development’ agendas is forging an unprecedented global social policy framework. The book shows how these key ideas together with the environmental imperative of ‘sustainability’ are shaping a new global development agenda.

This framework opens the way to a truly global social policy discipline making it essential reading for those working in social and public policy, politics, economics and development as well geographical and environmental sciences. In the spirit of the UN’s Sustainability Goals, the book will assist all those seeking to forge a new policy consensus for the 21st century based on Social Investment for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development.

Contributors include Giuliano Bonoli, Marius Busemeyer, Sarah Cook, Guillem López-Casasnovas, Anton Hemerijck, Stephan Klasen, Huck-ju Kwon, Tim Jackson, Jane Jenson, Jon Kvist, James Midgley, and Günther Schmid.

Restricted access

Interest in ‘active ageing’ policy as a means to promote well-being in later life has grown internationally. Britain's Labour government has advocated public, private and third sector partnerships to develop positive opportunities for community participation. This article considers the emerging local response, with interviews and focus groups carried out with active older people and service providers in a deprived, diverse community in East London. Findings help to illustrate some of the benefits of organised activities but tensions were evident where services for older people struggle without core funding.

Restricted access

This chapter addresses the prospects for improved social governance to tackle the global challenges of the 21st century, as humanity moves towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production, and hopefully a more socially responsible, equitable, inclusive and just world. In particular, the chapter critically examines the emerging social policies being articulated by the Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development (OECD) in an effort to reform global capitalism. This international organization (a rich- country club) has long been leading and coordinating policy efforts on the global stage, diffusing knowledge to member and non- member states alike with leading expertise to tackle the social, economic and governance challenges of the 21st century (Ougaard, 2010; Clifton and Díaz- Fuentes, 2011; Schmelzer, 2014). It is, at present, in the process of repositioning itself as the international institution responsible for promoting ‘global social justice’; although the issues and questions raised by this are complex, arguably much of it may be about representing a particular set of ‘Western values’ and a particular form of market ideology (see Chapters 6, 8, 11 and 12). Nevertheless, we find the OECD is now shaping important aspects of international governance and global social policy, which is the focus of this chapter, attempting to establish a new global social governance (GSG) architecture in an effort to tackle growing social inequality.

There is no ‘world parliament’ or ‘global government’ (a government of the world) as such, at least at present (Monbiot, 2003; Weiss and Thakur, 2010; Leinen and Bummel, 2018), that can enact legislation in order to tackle the pressing global challenges of the 21st century.

Restricted access

This final chapter draws lessons from across the volume, for thinking through the conceptual ‘lynchpin’ of the ‘social’ and the seismic shifts in social policy over time and space. Here we return to the different conceptualizations of ‘the social’ and ‘the social question’ posed in the different chapters, reflecting further on the ‘social’ in social policy and the struggle for social sustainability in the 21st century. Emerging global social policy frameworks, and proposed pathways and alternatives for accelerating global social progress, are critically examined, alongside current issues and future challenges.

The ‘social question’ (German: Soziale Frage, French: la question sociale, Danish: Arbejderspørgsmaalet, Swedish: arbetarfrågan) constituted the dominant social problem, to be addressed by social reforms in the early 19th century, as we heard in Chapters 1 and 3, with the emergence of social policy in Europe.1 Originally identified with the problem of pauperism that shaped the systems of poor relief in the 19th century (Steinmetz, 1993: ch 3), it then became bound up with ‘the workers question’ or the ‘labour question’ (die Arbeiterfrage, the question of the workers) associated with unemployment (Walters, 2000), which became ‘the international workers question’ under the auspices of the International Labour Organization (ILO) from 1919 (Bellucci and Weiss, 2020). The ‘social question’ was internationalized, key global institutions put ‘the social’ into international activities and programmes, at the ILO but also the League of Nations from 1923 (Miller, 1995), and in the work of the UN from 1945 (Emmerij et al, 2001).

Restricted access

This chapter gives an overview of the research in developing “minimum income standards” and “family budget standards,” “indicative budgets” and “standard budgets.” It analyzes goods and services that are considered necessary to reach a minimum standard of living for an individual or household within a given country context, region, or city. It also brings together up-to-date and accessible information and analysis in an effort to raise the profile and understanding of reference budget research. The chapter places minimum income standards at the heart of global social policy debates that focus on strengthening social protection systems. It also discusses reference budgets and minimum income standards research, covering different methodologies and approaches in relation to the implementation of policy and practice.

Restricted access

This chapter summarizes the enduring relevance and value of reference budget research. It looks into the approach for establishing adequacy benchmarks and minimum income standards that can help guide the development of national, regional and global social policy. It also emphasizes how the overall minimum budget should attempt to support a specified standard of living. The chapter addresses questions on which commodities or items are required to satisfy “needs” and “necessities” and where can these items be purchased and how much are they likely to cost. It reviews methodological approaches that are often combined in various ways in order to define or benchmark income adequacy.

Restricted access

Research into minimum income standards and reference budgets around the world is compared in this illuminating book. From countries with long established research traditions to places where it is relatively new, the book sets out the different aims and objectives of investigations into the minimum needs and requirements of populations, and the historical contexts, theoretical frameworks and methodological issues that lie behind each approach. For policymakers, practitioners and social policy and poverty academics, this essential review of learnings to date and future prospects for research is all the more relevant in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, testing health and social protection systems around the globe.

Restricted access

Research into minimum income standards and reference budgets around the world is compared in this illuminating book. From countries with long established research traditions to places where it is relatively new, the book sets out the different aims and objectives of investigations into the minimum needs and requirements of populations, and the historical contexts, theoretical frameworks and methodological issues that lie behind each approach. For policymakers, practitioners and social policy and poverty academics, this essential review of learnings to date and future prospects for research is all the more relevant in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, testing health and social protection systems around the globe.

Restricted access