In exchange for their receipt of conditional benefits such as JobSeekers Allowance and Universal Credit, people experiencing homelessness are expected to engage in mandatory job search or other work-related activities. However, many homeless people have become alienated from mainstream employment support as a result of difficulties in meeting these compulsory conditions. Recognising their exclusion from the mainstream welfare system, this chapter focuses on an alternative source of employment support for homeless adults - that offered by third sector homelessness organisations. Drawing on new data from interviews with homelessness practitioners, it uncovers a range of employment-related support available to homeless people accessing support from third sector providers. It then considers two key potentially contradictory issues. First, whilst a range of employment-related support services delivered by third sector organisations’ own programmes and initiatives are identified, much of this appears to be focussed on mitigating the impacts of the increasingly conditional nature of the statutory welfare system. Second, while appearing critical of the increasingly conditional statutory system and the impacts that a punitive welfare state is having on those they are supporting, some of the approaches adopted by these agencies also incorporate elements of conditionality.
Full systematic reviews are time and resource heavy. We describe a method successfully used to produce a rapid review of yoga for health and wellbeing, with limited resources, using mapping methods. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed a priori and refined post hoc, with the review team blind to the study results to minimise the introduction of bias. This method allowed the review to be tailored to make use of the best available evidence and the health topics of most relevance to the commissioners, and to enable the evidence base to be disseminated to practitioners in a timely fashion.
This paper highlights and explores how conditionality operating at three levels (the EU supranational level, the UK national level and in migrants’ mundane ‘street level’ encounters with social security administrators), come together to restrict and have a negative impact on the social rights of EU migrants living in the UK. Presenting analysis of new data generated in repeat qualitative interviews with 49 EU migrants resident in the UK, the paper makes an original contribution to understanding how the conditionality inherent in macro level EU and UK policy has seriously detrimental effects on the everyday lives of individual EU migrants.
This chapter examines the so-called Gateshead ‘lockdown’ in England. It traces the background of this event through three linked and increasingly intertwined contextual threads: disaster preparedness, urban management through territorial defence, and surveillance. The chapter argues that urban policy is increasingly involved in staging the city in a way which privileges particular groups of users, and discusses the link between ideas of renaissance and neoliberal urbanism.