Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 4 of 4 items for

  • Author or Editor: Marceline Naudi x
Clear All Modify Search

The definition of the term ‘femicide’ has been historically constructed and debated. Femicide is the culmination of different forms of violence against women and failure by the state to protect women from violence (WAVE, 2017b). As opposed to the ‘homicide of women’, or ‘uxoricide’, the term femicide is politically charged to bring awareness to the killing of women due to their gender. Often, but not always, these murders occur within societies structured on and functioning within deeply rooted patriarchal beliefs.

Today, women are still killed by their intimate partners. They are killed in the context of sexual crimes. Women are also targeted in armed conflict. Women die as a result of harmful practices such as female genital mutilation. Female foetuses are aborted, where preference for male offspring prevails. Women are killed in dowry-related crimes, as a result of organized crime or due to human trafficking, among others.

As we have seen in several chapters in this volume, in relatively recent years, various institutions and organizations in Europe and beyond have addressed the issue of femicide from the perspective of definitions, prevention, awareness raising, data collection and reporting. Efforts have taken place on national, European and international levels. The organizations involved in the work on femicide include the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE); the European network Women against Violence Europe (WAVE); the United Nations Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences; and Women’s Aid England, among others. The work ranges from gathering information on Europe-wide availability of administrative data and compilation of definitions (EIGE, 2017a, 2017b); awareness raising and information sharing (WAVE, 2017a, 2017b), calling on states to collect and publish annual data on femicide, as well as to establish global, regional and national femicide and violence against women observatories (Šimonović, 2016); to establishing a national data system to collect information on women killed by men (Women’s Aid, 2017).

Open access
Theory, research and prevention

Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Femicide, the killing of women and girls because of their gender, was until recently included in the category ‘homicide’, obscuring the special features of this social and gendered phenomenon. However, the majority of murders of women are perpetrated by men whom they know from family ties and are the result of intimate partner violence or so-called 'honour' killings.

This book is the first one on femicide in Europe and presents the findings of a four-year project discussing various aspects of femicide. Written by leading international scholars with an interdiscplinary perspective, it looks at the prevention programmes and comparative quantitative and qualitative data collection, as well as the impact of culture. It proposes the establishment of a European Observatory on Femicide as a new direction for the future, showing the benefits of cross-national collaboration, united to prevent the murder of women and girls.

Open access

The hard sciences are successful because they deal with the soft problems;

the soft sciences are struggling because they deal with the hard problems

(Heinz Von Foerster’s Theorem Number Two)

Words constrain our perceptions and experiences. Our language builds our thoughts and is a powerful tool to describe the world. The words used in language represent an ambivalent tool that we can use to express our own perceptions, emotions and thoughts, and at the same time, they determine our experiences and social imaginary (cf. Castoriadis, 1975), using a previously established corpus of meanings and order. We can, however, do things and transform the world using language as a tool. Defining a social problem in a certain way leads to a specific possible solution, which is dependent on the way the problem is defined. Furthermore, we have to acknowledge that the perspective of those that pose the problem (such as individuals, groups, communities and so on) is affected by their view of the social system within which they perceive the problem (Foerster, 2003).

A central task of the COST Action IS1206 on ‘Femicide across Europe’ was to clarify and set up a definition of femicide that would be used to talk about this terrible fact: women and girls die, because they are murdered and suffer intentional aggressions leading to their deaths. This fact, which is a social and global human problem, requires significant special attention. It is a scourge that demands action. Where there is a lack of acknowledgement of the problem, there cannot be a clear and convincing political and social solution.

Open access