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  • Author or Editor: Martin Koch x
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This chapter investigates the emergence of the idea of international organization in the nineteenth century and argues that the perception of organization for the world accompanied the foundation of states from the very beginning. It clarifies how the emergence of states is not a precondition for international organization, as states and international organization are co-constitutive. It also describes the period between the Congress of Vienna and World War I as the founding period of world organization, the phase when the idea of organizing and organizations emerged in several fields of society. The chapter shows that the idea of organizing is deeply rooted in debates among legal scholars in the nineteenth century, and that the idea of world organization contained a more comprehensive and encompassing understanding of the world. It demonstrates how organizing the world took place in different forms that are still relevant today or have been reinvigorated in recent years.

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Re-Pluralizing the Debate
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Within International Relations scholarship, the nature of international organizations and their relationship with each other and nation-states has been widely contested. This edited volume brings together a team of experts to shed new light on inter-organizational relations in world politics.

The book covers areas from the rule of law and international security to business and sport. Through its analysis, it demonstrates that, just as inter-organizations relations themselves are diverse and complex, research on this topic should also be pluralistic in order to draw new and valuable results and insights.

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The purpose of this introductory chapter is to take stock of inter-organizational relations research and to establish the conceptual foundation for the contributions to the volume. Starting with a depiction of inter-organizational relations as a subfield of international relations, it traces the contours of the field and its intellectual evolution towards conformity and canonization. Since this introduction, as the book, aims to overcome a narrowing of the field, a summary of five prominent approaches on inter-organizational relations and their empirical application follows. The focus is on two rationalist approaches (resource dependence and regime complexity) and three of their challengers (network accounts, sociological neo-institutionalism and classical pragmatism). This prepares for theoretical discussions in the subsequent chapters and underpins the volume’s goal to re-pluralize the debate on inter-organizational relations in international relations. The chapter closes with a presentation of the structure of the book and summaries of each chapter.

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For more than two decades, the UN and the EU have cooperated in the field of counterterrorism. This chapter analyses the relationship between the two international governmental organizations and how they organize the field of counterterrorism through terrorist watch lists. To this end, we combine two theoretical approaches. First, we use organizational fields and isomorphism from sociological neo-institutionalism to explain why the UN and EU have followed each other’s lead to adopt and adapt the lists at different times. In a second step, we examine how international governmental organizations attempt to govern through discursive closure, a concept drawn from post-structuralist discourse theory. Both organizations use lists as organizational routines that help to organize the environment for both organizations and for other organizations that refer to those lists. Against this background, terrorist watch lists can be understood as manifestations and attempts to close a ‘field of the sayable’.

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The chapter addresses the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) as representatives of world sports. The first of two steps offers a reconstruction of their environmental embeddedness. By studying the 2021 media coverage in the daily newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, it shows that both organizations maintain manifold external relations and respond to many external events. In the second step, their immediate responses to Russia’s escalation of its war against Ukraine are examined with regard to world-ordering beliefs they contain. Sequential analyses of two press releases issued on 24 February 2022 reveal that the IOC and FIFA condemn the Russian invasion rather idiosyncratically. Primarily interested in ensuring that the sports events they organize can take place without interference, the IOC promotes the Olympic Games as an example of peaceful and fair competition, while FIFA sticks to routines of pacifist rhetoric.

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