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  • Author or Editor: Salvador Santino F. Regilme Jr x
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Geographies of Rivalry

Over the last two decades, China has emerged as one of the most powerful state actors in the post-Cold War international system.

This book provides a multifaceted and spatially oriented analysis of how China’s re-emergence as a global power impacts the dominance of the United States as well as domestic state and non-state actors in various world-regions, including the Asia-Pacific, Africa, South America and the Caribbean, the Middle East, Europe and the Arctic. Chapters reflect on how and under which conditions competition (and cooperation) between the United States and China vary across these regions and what such variations mean for the prospects of war and peace, universal human dignity and global cooperation.

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Over the last two decades, China has emerged as one of the most powerful state actors in the post-Cold War international system. This book provides a multifaceted and spatially oriented analysis of how China’s re-emergence as a global power impacts the dominance of the US as well as domestic state and non-state actors in various world-regions, including the Asia-Pacific, Africa, South America and the Caribbean, the Middle East, Europe, and the Arctic. Chapters reflect on how and under which conditions competition (and cooperation) between the US and China vary across these regions and what such variations mean for the prospects of war and peace, universal human dignity, and global cooperation.

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Over the last two decades, China has emerged as one of the most powerful state actors in the post-Cold War international system. This book provides a multifaceted and spatially oriented analysis of how China’s re-emergence as a global power impacts the dominance of the US as well as domestic state and non-state actors in various world-regions, including the Asia-Pacific, Africa, South America and the Caribbean, the Middle East, Europe, and the Arctic. Chapters reflect on how and under which conditions competition (and cooperation) between the US and China vary across these regions and what such variations mean for the prospects of war and peace, universal human dignity, and global cooperation.

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Over the last two decades, China has emerged as one of the most powerful state actors in the post-Cold War international system. This book provides a multifaceted and spatially oriented analysis of how China’s re-emergence as a global power impacts the dominance of the US as well as domestic state and non-state actors in various world-regions, including the Asia-Pacific, Africa, South America and the Caribbean, the Middle East, Europe, and the Arctic. Chapters reflect on how and under which conditions competition (and cooperation) between the US and China vary across these regions and what such variations mean for the prospects of war and peace, universal human dignity, and global cooperation.

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This chapter examines the enabling factors that facilitated the increasing militarization in the South China Sea (SCS), and argues that it is driven by strategic material interests in the context of US–China rivalry and changes in domestic politics in Beijing. Smaller Asian states have renewed their military ties with the US in response to China’s land reclamation activities, which is linked to smaller claimant states’ long-standing affinity with the US. The author discusses the causes and consequences of the dispute in the SCS, highlighting how it has become a litmus test for the continuing rivalry for regional hegemony between the US and China. The chapter explores how domestic politics and economics in China, as well as public and elite perceptions in SCS claimant states, play a crucial role in the patterns of inter-state diplomacy concerning the dispute. Finally, the author discusses the broader theoretical and policy implications of an analytically eclectic approach to understanding the SCS dispute.

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This introduction discusses the analytic premises of the book’s core puzzle: the variation across territories and regions of great power rivalry and cooperation in the 21st century, focusing on US–China bilateral relations. China and the US are the two most powerful state actors in the post-COVID-19 world order, with China challenging the US economically and in global financial governance through initiatives like the Belt and Road and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. While the US remains the biggest spender on national defense, China has made significant advancements. China is also cooperating with Russia in key voting issues in the UN Security Council, although the US is the key state actor in most intergovernmental organizations. This chapter introduces spatialization as a conceptual tool to understand the variations of US–China relations across world regions.

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This chapter summarizes the volume’s findings concerning US–China bilateral relations and its varying impacts on various regions of the world, amidst crisis-ridden world politics. This chapter highlights several conclusions. First, the need to accumulate capital and crucial resources for continued economic growth are crucial factors in shaping the trajectory of the rivalry, although the precise conditions of such a need depends on where this economic conflict occurs. Second, intersubjective interpretations about physical geography and social relations play an important role in the trajectory of great power relations. Third, understanding how intersubjective meanings about physical geography change over time provides important insights in the analysis of US–China rivalry. Fourth, the manifestations of how physical geography emerges as the locus of contestation between great power could be investigated through the developments in institutional structures. Fifth, the formations and transformations of US–China rivalry ultimately depend on one’s positionality in a highly interdependent global order: across various world-regions, temporal conditions, and socioeconomic backgrounds.

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