This chapter aims at pointing out the need for a more equitable, internationally driven approach to solve elder care staff shortages on the background of the implications deriving from the widespread phenomenon of employing migrant care workers in the Italian elder care sector. It starts with positioning the phenomenon in a European and Mediterranean perspective, then describes how this form of caregiving provision has become so popular in Italy to face the long-term care needs. The chapter’s conclusions focus on the analysis of the opportunities and challenges raised by this phenomenon, trying to catch all involved perspectives: the older care recipients’ families; the migrant care workers; and the receiving and sending societies. Future cooperation agreements in the Mediterranean area should consider how to minimise these risks, in order to promote equitable solutions to solve care staff shortages in some countries without ‘plundering the future’ of other nations.
For the first time, this article will provide a cross-national profile of adolescents who provide unpaid care to their ill or disabled family members in six European countries with varied levels of awareness, policy and service provision regarding adolescent young carers. Utilising an online survey, 2,099 adolescent young carers were identified in Italy, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. This article focuses on the impact of unpaid care on their mental health, well-being, physical health and education. Their preferences for informal and formal support were also examined. These groundbreaking findings help promote a ‘rights’ approach to adolescent young carers, which can serve as a critical driver for supportive policy creation on both a country-specific and pan-European level.