Written by leading experts in the field, this timely collection highlights current strategies and thinking in relation to prevention of sexual violence and critically considers the limitations of these frameworks.
Combining psychological, criminological, sociological and legal perspectives, it explores academic, practitioner and survivor points of view. It addresses broad themes, from cultures of sexual harassment to the role of media in oversexualising women and girls, as well as specific issues including violence against children and older people.
For researchers, practitioners and students alike, this is an invaluable resource that maps new approaches for practice and prevention.
This chapter explores the utility and potential implementation of a new female version of an assessment tool called the Active Risk Management System (ARMS) along with some of the limitations and challenges academics and practitioners face when attempting to engage with strengths-based approaches. In doing this, an analysis of the areas to be assessed is offered with a special focus on protective factors that have been highly overlooked in the past. Forwarding women to programmes that enhance their strengths and empower them is a very promising strategy that can be used at all levels of prevention (primary, secondary and tertiary) but that can only happen if they are assessed accordingly.
This chapter will provide a summary of the key themes applicable to all chapter contributions and will particularly focus on: implications for practice and recommendations for priority areas related to preventing sexual violence for both academic and practitioner audiences.
This chapter provides a critical overview of historical and contemporary approaches to preventing sexual violence. It also presents an overview of all chapters, outlining their contribution to the field and provide a clear message related to the coherence of the book.
Forensic psychology has, for decades, fixated on the individual and pathological causes of crime yet human behaviour is deeply interconnected and embedded within its environment. Thus, tackling crime and its associated problems ought to be addressed through multifaceted and interdisciplinary approaches. One potential solution to this problem is the desistance paradigm, which consists of several models, theories and approaches, each of which draw on different explanations of crime at varying ecological levels. This chapter provides a definition of desistance followed by an overview of the key desistance theories/domains, including individual/agentic theory, social and structural theories, interactionist theory and situational theory. It is argued that by adopting desistance approaches, criminal justice agencies not only help break the offending cycle, and therefore reduce recidivism and prevent future harm, but also help (re)build relationships, provide reparation and help desisters develop the strengths and resources needed to live a life free from crime.
This chapter aims to explore some of the key issues and debates surrounding violence and sexual violence. In particular it examines some of the definitional challenges and problems with violence classification, and as such, draws on the work of Hamby’s four key domains to help provide clarity to this. The authors also note the need for greater integrated theories to explain the complexity of violence and lean on Kelly’s continuum of sexual violence and McPhail’s integrative feminist theory approach to help provide a nuanced explanation of gender-based violence. The chapter concludes with a note of caution; to improve knowledge in this field and to develop more effective policy, resource and intervention deployment, criminal justice solutions to gendered violence must also be understood within the structural constraints of gender, race and disability.
Over recent decades, both the concept and application of rehabilitation has been challenged. This chapter highlights criticisms from ‘nothing works’ to systemic discrimination due to coercive programme design, psychological/individualistic focus and correctional policy that targets the most disadvantaged in society. In response to these challenges it draws on the four forms of rehabilitation, suggesting these forms provide potential solutions to the current crisis in correctional rehabilitation services. The chapter outlines each form and argues that criminal justice solutions that focus on psychology alone will likely fail to deliver effective rehabilitation. Instead, effective responses to crime can be achieved when approaches are truly interdisciplinary. That is, strategies must tackle factors that are psychological, moral, legal and social in order that people, their families and the communities in which they live are supported throughout a process of desistance and reintegration.