Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Climate change is the main challenge facing developed countries in the 21st century. To what extent does this agenda converge with issues of poverty and social exclusion? Climate change and poverty offers a timely new perspective on the ‘ecosocial’ understanding of the causes and symptoms of, and solutions to, poverty and applies this to recent developments across a number of areas, including fuel poverty, food poverty, housing, transport and air pollution. Unlike any other publication, the book therefore establishes a new agenda for both environmental and social policies which has cross-national relevance. It will appeal to students in social policy, public policy, applied social studies and politics and will also be of interest to those studying international development, economics and geography
Designed to address practical questions, applied ethics is one of the most exciting areas in contemporary philosophy. Yet the relevance of ethical theories to social policy has been under-explored. Until now.
In “Applied ethics and social problems” Tony Fitzpatrick presents introductions to the three most influential moral philosophies: Consequentialism, Kantianism and Virtue Ethics. He then relates these to some of the most urgent questions in contemporary public debates about the future of welfare services. These include taxing unhealthy habits, drug legalisation, parental choice in education, abortion, euthanasia and migration & cultural diversity.
In each case he asks a perennial question: what are the legitimate boundaries of state action and individual liberty?
Never before has there been such a rigorous overview of the topic offered to social policy students, academics and professionals, as well as those interested in public policy, politics and social science. A user-friendly intervention into these key debates “Applied ethics and social problems” will set the agenda for years to come.
Bringing together leading experts, this textbook explores the key social, political, economic and moral challenges that environmental problems pose for social policy in a global context. Combining theory and practice with an interdisciplinary approach, the book reviews the current strategies and policies and provides a critique of proposed future developments in the field.
Understanding the environment and social policy guides the reader through the subject in an accessible way using chapter summaries, further reading, recommended webpages, a glossary and questions for discussion.
Providing a much-needed overview, the book will be invaluable reading for students, teachers, activists, practitioners and policymakers.
Since the 1980s there have been three influential attempts to ground citizenship on the principles of duty, obligation and responsibility: conservative, communitarian and Third Way. Each of these is reviewed in the article. The principal task of this article, however, is to examine the emergence of a fourth attempt, which, by relating duty to equality through the principle of reciprocity, represents a synthesis of traditional social democracy with the new politics of obligation. Our focus will be on The civic minimum by Stuart White, since this is arguably the most cogent expression of dutybased egalitarianism to have emerged in recent years.
This article offers a philosophical discussion of paternalism. First, it establishes the relevance to basic income of the concept of ‘paternalism’. Second, it provides an overview and critique of the main philosophical schools of paternalism. Third, it argues in favour of a version of soft/weak paternalism, which is here termed ‘social paternalism’. Fourth, it reviews the main positions that advocates of various paternalisms might take towards basic income. Finally, it defends a proposal to allow a basic income stream to be ‘mortgaged’ into lumpsum capital grants. The article therefore fills an important gap in the theoretical literature pertaining to basic income.
This chapter reiterates the earlier view that the socially careless and ecologically destructive use of land is intimately connected to the deprivations experienced by millions of the least advantaged, particularly regarding housing and transport, but also in terms of flooding and waste facilities. Yet by neglecting the importance of land to questions of social and ecological justice we have deprived ourselves of the means to address the biggest problem we face in the twenty-first century. Social policy reforms, research and debates have long concerned themselves with housing and sanitation and have more recently acknowledged the importance of transport, but the tools needed to integrate those issues in the correct ecosocial context have been lacking. This is a neglect which we need urgently to repair.
This chapter begins by reviewing air pollution and health, then establishes the connections between air pollution and climate change. Research into deprivation, spatial distribution and air quality reveals a general picture in which those who typically produce the least pollution suffer the greatest consequences. Reducing waste through water metering makes environmental sense, yet the risks to the poorest are real and exacerbated by the profit motive of water companies. However, the research also draws attention to complexities that warn us against overly simplistic interventions. For instance, we should relate air to discussions of rights, ownership and control, something which demands a regulatory approach so long as this makes markets the servants of well-defined social and ecological objectives. This implies types of long-term planning, regulation and investment – and the prioritsation of social and ecological ends – for which our economic liberal assumptions and habits appear particularly ill-suited.
A conclusion to the book which offers a final definition and conceptualisation of ecosocial poverty. It reiterates the book's main thesis: the ecologically excessive, careless and destructive use of key socionatural resources is connected to the social deprivations that characterize that usage for millions of those on low incomes.
Argues that we need synergies between social policy and environmental policy. Reducing poverty across the long-term requires anti-poverty policies to be consistent with the principle of sustainability. Similarly, a green society must be socially just. Since climate change is everyone's business the benefits and burdens of tackling it must be shared fairly and proportionately. Addressing climate change will benefit the poor but not as much as if we accommodate their particular needs, interests and voices within the political and policy process.