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  • Author or Editor: Ulrich Franke x
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The concluding chapter includes three steps. First, an evaluation of the volume’s three levels of innovation takes place. This differentiates the research objects studied, the theories used and the methodologies deployed. Drawing on the pragmatist concept of beliefs as rules for action, the second step offers a synopsis of the various world-ordering beliefs covered by the chapters. Based on this collection, the third and final step spells out the implications of the findings for world order and its development. As starting points for further research, the world-ordering beliefs point to clashes between diplomacy and the rule of law, human rights and security considerations, or counterterrorism-inspired stabilization and the traditional peacekeeping principle of impartiality. The findings, inter alia, highlight the strengthening of an economic logic of action, of governing the world through statistics, and of cooperation through the exchange of information.

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The purpose of this introductory chapter is to take stock of inter-organizational relations research and to establish the conceptual foundation for the contributions to the volume. Starting with a depiction of inter-organizational relations as a subfield of international relations, it traces the contours of the field and its intellectual evolution towards conformity and canonization. Since this introduction, as the book, aims to overcome a narrowing of the field, a summary of five prominent approaches on inter-organizational relations and their empirical application follows. The focus is on two rationalist approaches (resource dependence and regime complexity) and three of their challengers (network accounts, sociological neo-institutionalism and classical pragmatism). This prepares for theoretical discussions in the subsequent chapters and underpins the volume’s goal to re-pluralize the debate on inter-organizational relations in international relations. The chapter closes with a presentation of the structure of the book and summaries of each chapter.

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The chapter addresses the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) as representatives of world sports. The first of two steps offers a reconstruction of their environmental embeddedness. By studying the 2021 media coverage in the daily newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, it shows that both organizations maintain manifold external relations and respond to many external events. In the second step, their immediate responses to Russia’s escalation of its war against Ukraine are examined with regard to world-ordering beliefs they contain. Sequential analyses of two press releases issued on 24 February 2022 reveal that the IOC and FIFA condemn the Russian invasion rather idiosyncratically. Primarily interested in ensuring that the sports events they organize can take place without interference, the IOC promotes the Olympic Games as an example of peaceful and fair competition, while FIFA sticks to routines of pacifist rhetoric.

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Re-Pluralizing the Debate
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Within International Relations scholarship, the nature of international organizations and their relationship with each other and nation-states has been widely contested. This edited volume brings together a team of experts to shed new light on inter-organizational relations in world politics.

The book covers areas from the rule of law and international security to business and sport. Through its analysis, it demonstrates that, just as inter-organizations relations themselves are diverse and complex, research on this topic should also be pluralistic in order to draw new and valuable results and insights.

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