1 INTRODUCTION Disability and poverty: a global challenge Benedicte Ingstad and Arne H. Eide Disability and poverty This book is about being disabled and being poor and the social, cultural and political processes that link these two aspects of living in what has been characterised as a ‘vicious circle’ (Yeo and Moore, 2003). It is also about the strengths that people show when living with disability and being poor: how they try to overcome their problems and make the best out of what little they have. It is a book about those who we will call ‘the heroes
139 TEN Social models of disability and sexual distress Meg John Barker and Alex Iantaffi Introduction In this chapter we suggest that there is much to be gained from bringing social models of disability into dialogue with current understandings of sexual distress. First, sexologists and sexual health practitioners could benefit hugely from applying the shift from medical to social thinking about disability to the arenas of sexual ‘disorders’ or ‘dysfunctions’. Second, it is fruitful for those studying and working with disability to extend social models
Key points This chapter sets out and analyses a range of Disability Hate Crime cases. It makes the phenomenon real through an analysis of the empirical data in actual cases. This chapter interrogates how the recognition of Disability Hate Crime and application of penalty uplift affects the outcomes of criminal justice proceedings. Fifteen cases of Disability Hate Crime are reviewed to interrogate the impact of the Disability Hate Crime framework, the recognition (or non-recognition) of disability hostility and the way in which this affected case outcomes
Part One Changing constructions of disability and welfare
171 NINE Disability and social suffering in Zimbabwe Jennifer Muderedzi and Benedicte Ingstad poverty and politics Zimbabwe is a land-locked country in southern Africa. It shares borders with South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. It has a population of 13 million people, 348,861 of whom are people with disabilities (CSO, 2004). Half of the people with disabilities are children (Government of Zimbabwe, 2004). Zimbabwe is mostly a rural country and there is a higher poverty incidence in rural areas (63%) than in urban areas (53%). Most rural
Introduction Public policies frame how societies provide care and support in practice, influence a sense of identity, and shape perceptions of what categories we belong to as individuals. They offer a window on how society conceives of disability for younger and older persons (Kahana and Kahana, 2017 : 181). In this chapter, I engage with the separation of public policy frameworks on ageing and disability, and the consequences for older people, focusing on social care. I first introduce how public policies traditionally underscore difference between people
67 FOUR Intellectual disability in twentieth-century Ghana Jane Abraham and Auberon Jaleel Odoom Ghana, a country in West Africa with a current population of just under 30 million, was a British colony until 1957 (previously called the Gold Coast), when it became the first colony in sub-Saharan Africa to regain its independence. Prior to independence, Britain, as the colonial power, extracted natural resources – gold, diamonds, timber and cocoa. Britain built railways and transport systems to assist resource extraction. A few Western-style hospitals and
169 Coalition dreams, new conditionality and disability policy Introduction When first conceived, this book was projected to end with an appraisal of the latest New Labour policies around disability. However, it soon became apparent that the New Labour era was to end before the book was to be completed. The accession to power of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition in June 2010 thus requires a snapshot appraisal of the key policy changes proposed and a prediction of the impact these policies could have on disabled people. Before embarking on an
Nearly 20% of the population has a disability. Despite this, mainstream research often does not explicitly address the methodological and practical issues that can act as barriers to disabled people’s participation in social research. In this book, Aidley and Fearon provide a concise, practical introduction to making it easier for everyone to take part in research.
Requiring no prior knowledge about accessible research methods, the book:
• explains how removing barriers to participation will improve the quality of the research;
• covers the research process from design, to collecting data, to dissemination and publication;
• includes checklists and further reading, as well as useful examples and vignettes to illustrate how issues play out in practice.
This book will be invaluable to researchers from a variety of backgrounds looking to increase participation in their research, whether postgraduate students, experienced academic researchers, practitioners or professionals.
People with disabilities are not a homogenous group and impairments will affect individuals differently. As well, disability can be diversely defined, depending on jurisdiction. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with a Disability defines disability as ongoing impairments that are physical, mental, intellectual or sensory (see United Nations, 2016 ). Such impairments interact with a range of barriers that hinder one’s capacity to participate fully, effectively and equally in society . This definition, whilst not inclusive of all