In recent years, the United Kingdom's Home Office has started using automated systems to make immigration decisions. These systems promise faster, more accurate, and cheaper decision-making, but in practice they have exposed people to distress, disruption, and even deportation.
This book identifies a pattern of risky experimentation with automated systems in the Home Office. It analyses three recent case studies including: a voice recognition system used to detect fraud in English-language testing; an algorithm for identifying ‘risky’ visa applications; and automated decision-making in the EU Settlement Scheme.
The book argues that a precautionary approach is essential to ensure that society benefits from government automation without exposing individuals to unacceptable risks.
frequency • Date self-assessment (‘SA’) record set up • SA employment income • SA self-employment income • SA total income • Tax year • Tax return date of receipt • Correlation ID • Start date • End date • Benefit type • Date of death • Gone abroad flag • State Pension and New State Pension • Housing Benefit • Jobseekers Employment Support Allowance • Carer’s Allowance • Universal Credit • Personal Independent Payment • Disability Living Allowance • Income Support • Maternity Allowance • Incapacity Benefit • Attendance Allowance • Severe Disablement Allowance