six Disability Introduction Social citizenship rights have never been fully extended to disabled people and, as a result of this, disabled people are over-represented among the unemployed and experience higher rates of poverty and in general do not enjoy a standard of living that is comparable with current social expectations. Over time there has been an uneasy relationship between healthcare professionals and disabled people. Professional social work has operated from a framework that encourages paternalism and dependency as part of an individualised
119 8Disability Practice scenario kate is a 31-year-old woman with a degenerative condition that necessitates using a wheelchair. She lives in the family home with her mother and brother in a rural area. Her mother works part-time as a cleaner and her brother stacks shelves in the nearby supermarket. Her benefits bring her a greater income than either her mother or brother earn and she feels guilty about this. the family have no transport. She has recently come out to her social worker as lesbian but she does not want her family to know. Her condition
117 8 Meta-narratives of disability1 Authored with Mary-Dan Johnston In his book of the same title, Marshall Gregory discusses how we are shaped by stories. For Gregory, what is at stake in the stories that we hear is the way stories construct the world, the way stories invite responses and the way that stories exert shaping pressure, because ‘both the “knowledge” offered by stories and our seldom denied responses constitute kinds of practice, modes of clarification and sets of habits for living that, once configured and repeatedly reinforced, accompany us
, disability and infirmity form rather more contingent sources of social division in part because of the temporal flux within which they emerge. There is a distinction, for example, between the predictable status of becoming aged and the less predictable status of becoming disabled, ill or infirm. Most people see bodily change as constituting the ‘authentic’ basis of age and ageing; reminders of the inevitable temporality that is attached to identity, location and status. Those changes that are evidenced by the ageing body, which do not reflect illness or impairment, best
69 5 Learning disabilities and social work Jan Walmsley Introduction Despite considerable policy and legislative changes over the past century, society continues to exclude, neglect and frequently damage people with learning disabilities. Hence the need for families to advocate on behalf of their relatives. How might social work respond? At the time this chapter was written an initiative from the English government was launched to pilot a named social worker for people with learning disabilities (SCIE 2017). The fact that such an initiative was perceived to
41 FOUR transitions for young people with learning disabilities Gillian MacIntyre introduction This chapter will explore the nature of transition from childhood to adulthood for one particularly vulnerable group of young people – those with learning disabilities. It will outline their experiences of transition before examining policy responses in relation to these experiences. The process of transition has become increasingly complex for all young people. This can be ascribed to structural factors such as the collapse of the youth labour market, increased
119 9 Long-term illness and disability: inequalities compounded Barbara Fawcett Introduction ‘Disability’ is a wide-ranging concept which generates varying interpretations. In countries such as the UK, the US, Canada and Australia, it has been used to describe and also to challenge the socially created disadvantage and discrimination that people with physical or emotional impairments or illnesses face. In parts of Africa, the Indian subcontinent and Asia, situations of extreme poverty and the lack of adequate resources make daily survival the prime
159 Critical and Radical Social Work • vol 2 • no 2 • 159–74 • © Policy Press 2014 • #CRSW Print ISSN 2049 8608 • Online ISSN 2049 8675 • http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/204986014X13986987417481 article Out of the shadows: disability movements Roddy Slorach,1 UK email@example.com Britain’s disability movement can be divided into two distinct phases. The first, reaching a peak in the late 1980s to mid-1990s, was seen by its leading activists as a civil rights movement, whereas the second has been a response to the recent and ongoing government spending cuts. The
231 12 Understanding models of disability to improve responses to children with learning disabilities Emilie Smeaton Introduction The sexual abuse of children and young people with disabilities has been highlighted in high profile cases such as Rochdale Borough Safeguarding Children Board’s Serious Case Review (Griffiths 2013) and investigations into the sexual abuse perpetrated by Jimmy Savile. This chapter will explore the differences between a medical and a social model of disability to support application of these models to children with learning
This book charts the change, critically evaluating progress, take-up, inclusion and access to direct payments by different user groups. With contributions from leading campaigners, academics, practitioners, direct payment users and personal assistants, the book provides an overview of the history of direct payments; presents findings from key research into direct payments and disabled people, older people, carers, people with mental health problems, people with learning difficulties and disabled children; discusses the implementation and development of direct payments provision and compares developments in the UK with those in North America.
Developments in direct payments is an important source of information for social work students and practitioners and others working in the field of health and social care. The useful, up-to-date evidence and discussions relating to care, independence and control will also be of interest to users and providers of help and support.