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98 Benefits Number 43 • Volume 13 • Issue 2 Disability: rights, work and security Marilyn Howard Disability is a complex and contested issue, often with tensions between policy approaches of ‘benefits’ and ‘rights’, that is, benefits as compensation for exclusion rather than civil rights to enable inclusion (Daniel, 1998). These intersect with different models of disability (medical, social and transactional: Howard, 2003). Traditionally, the medical model has been the ‘moral basis’ for benefits (SSAC, 1997), although increasingly the social model is accepted

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163 Why have disability categories in social security? Deborah Mabbett The specification of categories (for example, unemployment, old age, disability) is a well-established feature of social security. However, disability categories are problematic: the evidence on which decisions have to be made is complex, and understandings of the nature of disability are highly contested. Disability categories could be reformed by unification with other categories used in the same policy area (for example, unemployment) or by fragmentation into new, smaller categories

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175 Disability Working Allowance: what was the point? Norman Cockett Disability Working Allowance (DWA) was introduced in 1992 as a benefit to top up the wages of disabled people working 16 hours a week or more. This was the first major attempt, within UK social security policy, to help disabled people take up and remain in paid jobs. The formal evaluation of DWA suggested that the benefit had failed in a number of respects. The purpose of this article is to reflect on what was achieved by introducing DWA. The author looks at the stated objectives and other

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Introduction In this article we look at systemic violence: the ‘life-shattering violence caused by decisions that are made in parliamentary chambers and government offices’ ( Cooper and Whyte, 2017 : 1) with regard to people with severe disabilities who are in receipt of disability benefits in the UK. We explore how this systemic violence is intrinsic to the political and social practices of maintaining a neoliberal welfare regime, with its predisposition towards the harmful targeting of populations on the wrong side of inequality, unable to meet the demands

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Living the Contradiction

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The Nordic countries are regarded as frontrunners in promoting equality, yet women’s experiences on the ground are in many ways at odds with this rhetoric.

Putting the spotlight on the lived experiences of women working in tech-driven research and innovation areas in the Nordic countries, this volume explores why, despite numerous programmes, women continue to constitute a minority in these sectors.

The contributors flesh out the differences and similarities across different Nordic countries and explore how the shifts in labour market conditions have impacted on women in Research and Innovation.

This is an invaluable contribution to global debates around the mechanisms that maintain gendered structures in Research and Innovation, from academia to biotechnology and IT.

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99 Journal of Poverty and Social Justice • vol 22 • no 2 • 99–110 • © Policy Press 2014 • #JPSJ Print ISSN 1759 8273 • Online ISSN 1759 8281 • http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/175982714X13971346086512 research ‘Beat the cheat’: portrayals of disability benefit claimants in print media1 Libby McEnhill, libby.mcenhill@hud.ac.uk Victoria Byrne, v.byrne@hud.ac.uk University of Huddersfield, UK The Welfare Reform Act (2012) brought about changes to benefit entitlement and assessment for disabled people, with measures to reduce the budget in this area justified within

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191 ar tic le Key words disability benefit • older people • social security reform © The Policy Press • 2012 • ISSN 1759-8273 Journal of Poverty and Social Justice • vol 20 • no 2 • 2012 • 193-209 • http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/175982712X652087 Attendance Allowance and Disability Living Allowance claimants in the older population: is there a difference in their economic circumstances?1 Ruth Hancock, Marcello Morciano and Stephen Pudney The UK Disability Living Allowance (DLA) is a non-means-tested cash benefit claimable only before age 65, although receipt can

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101 Journal of Poverty and Social Justice • vol 25 • no 2 • 101–05 • © Policy Press 2017 • #JPSJ Print ISSN 1759 8273 • Online ISSN 1759 8281 • https://doi.org/10.1332/175982717X14943392083764 Accepted for publication 12 April 2017 • First published online 22 May 2017 article SPECIAL ISSUE • Disability and Conditional Social Security Benefits Introduction to the special issue on ‘Disability and Conditional Social Security Benefits’ Ben Baumberg Geiger, b.b.geiger@kent.ac.uk University of Kent, UK To cite this article: Geiger, BB (2017) Introduction to the

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77 Journal of Poverty and Social Justice • vol 23 • no 1 • xx–xx • © Policy Press 2015 • #JPSJ Print ISSN 1759 8273 • Online ISSN 1759 8281 • http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/175982715X14207944226176 research highlights MacInnes, T, Tinson, A, Gaffney, D, Horgan, G, Baumberg, B, 2014, Disability, long term conditions and poverty, London: New Policy Institute, commissioned by Joseph Rowntree Foundation, http://npi.org.uk/files/7814/0490/1005/Disability_long_ term_conditions_and_poverty.pdf This study examines the levels of poverty among disabled people, as well as

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115 Journal of Poverty and Social Justice • vol 27 • no 1 • 115–30 • © Policy Press 2019 Print ISSN 1759 8273 • Online ISSN 1759 8281 • https://doi.org/10.1332/175982718X15407227165688 Accepted for publication 18 September 2018 • First published online 18 December 2018 article Transforming employment support for individuals with health conditions?: 3Cs to the aid of the Work, Health and Disability Green Paper Adam Whitworth, Adam.whitworth@sheffield.ac.uk University of Sheffield, UK The UK’s recent Improving Lives Green Paper, and the new joint Work and

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