Afghanistan Afghanistan entered a new period of instability in 2014, with important implica- tions for human rights. The June 2014 final round of the presidential election re- sulted in political impasse as both candidates, Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah, claimed victory after accusing each other’s teams of engaging in fraud. On September 21, the two candidates signed a deal making Ghani the president, and Abdullah the chief executive. The bitterly fought campaign and months-long standoff raised fears of continuing instability, and lingering disagreements
H U M A N R I G H T S W A T C H WORLDREPORT 2016 COUNTRIES 53 World Report 2016 Book Q10.qxp_World Report 2016 Book 1/8/16 7:17 AM Page 53 WORLD REPORT 2016 54 World Report 2016 Book Q10.qxp_World Report 2016 Book 1/8/16 7:17 AM Page 54 Afghanistan Fighting between the Taliban and government forces in Afghanistan escalated in 2015, with the Taliban seizing control of Kunduz and holding the city for nearly two weeks before Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), with United States air and ground support, regained control. The Taliban also seized a number
Based on unprecedented empirical research conducted with lower levels of the Afghan police, this unique study assesses how institutional legacy and external intervention, from countries including the UK and the US, have shaped the structural conditions of corruption in the police force and the state.
Taking a social constructivist approach, the book combines an in-depth analysis of internal political, cultural and economic drivers with references to several regime changes affecting policing and security, from the Soviet occupation and Mujahidin militias to Taliban religious police.
Crossing disciplinary boundaries, Singh offers an invaluable contribution to the literature and to anti-corruption policy in developing and conflict-affected societies.
remain in this literature and related policy discussions, especially as they have tended to occur at highly aggregate levels of analysis, especially national, regional and global ones. Instead, this article addresses climate-sensitive peacebuilding at the local level. What does local climate-sensitive peacebuilding look like on the ground? What are the promising areas for research and policy responses in fragile and conflict-affected settings? After offering a broad overview of climate-sensitive peacebuilding, we focus on the case of Afghanistan, drawing on specific
159 8 Prevention strategies in Afghanistan Introduction The preceding chapter covered the practices, insights and causes of corruption, which now allows for a debate on anti-corruption strategies. The main section of this chapter covers precise procedures to curb corruption in the Afghan police. These include the MoIA internal anti-corruption strategy and vital problems with pay reform, meritocratic recruitment and stationing. Furthermore, problems with the drug trade are addressed with responses designed for law enforcement to engage in a drug
Key messages India and Iran find alignment on Afghanistan’s future after US exit and Taliban’s return. Regional convergence of interests co-exists with misalignment at the grand strategic level as India works with the US and Iran with China and Russia to counter US hegemony. Despite such constraints to ties, India continues to engage Iran since its strategies, on balance, benefit from a global order in flux. Introduction The US ended its 20-year mission in Afghanistan right where it started – with the Taliban back in power. The rapid takeover by
Introduction How do non-Western powers exploit an international crisis to foster a Western identity for themselves? Does Turkey need a non-Western ‘other’ to present itself as an indispensable partner to the West? Does indispensability as a partner assist states in making identity shifts at their will? Looking at the role that Turkey has played in Afghanistan since the US invasion in 2001, this article follows the representation of the Turkish identity as an indispensable partner in attracting the West. The article explores representations of Turkish history
ARTICLE Social media, gender and the mediatization of war: exploring the German armed forces’ visual representation of the Afghanistan operation on Facebook David Shima and Frank A. Stengel b aDepartment of International Relations and International Organization, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; bResearch Group on International Political Sociology, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany ABSTRACT Studies on the mediatization of war point to attempts of govern- ments to regulate the visual representation of their involvements in armed conflict – the most
133 EIGHT Asylum rejected: ‘appeal rights exhausted’ Afghan care leavers facing return Kim Robinson and Lucy Williams Introduction and context This chapter starts from the core assumption that social workers and support staff have a duty of care to work with all marginalised young people, regardless of their family background, citizenship or immigration status. However, our experience of the care system for unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) indicates that various systemic failures have created challenges for these young people over and above
95 5 Corruption in Afghanistan: External intervention and institutional legacy Introduction The first part of this chapter sets the scene by describing the role of external intervention in Afghanistan post-2001. Intervention consists of international liberal and security interventionist policies. The liberal peace thesis was dictated by COIN and short-term peace to pursue US foreign policy and coalition support of eradicating the Taliban from power. It is argued that the trade-off as part of political bargaining has resulted in Northern Alliance warlords