Ecologies of indebtedness
In the late 1990s the French philosopher, Jean Baudrillard, wrote a
short essay, ‘In the Shadow of the Millennium’ (1998), concerned with
the historical significance of the approaching year 2000. Given what
has happened since what was called Y2K, it is hard to properly convey
the low level panic that accompanied the impending arrival of the
new millennium, but Baudrillard captured this through reference to
the Beaubourg Clock, housed at the Pompidou Centre in Paris. In his
Connolly uses ongoing urban redevelopment in Penang in Malaysia to provide stimulating new perspectives on urbanisation, governance and political ecology.
The book deploys the concept of landscape political ecology to show how Penang residents, activists, planners and other stakeholders mobilize new relationships with the urban environment, to contest controversial development projects and challenge hegemonic visions for the city’s future.
Based on six years of local research, this book provides both a dynamic account of region’s rapid reshaping and a fresh theoretical framework in which to consider issues of sustainable development, heritage and governance in urban areas worldwide.
Do the studies reviewed in Chapter Three mean that law and government policy cannot contribute to stopping population growth? In order to answer this question, I must take a detour. I return to the question later in Chapter Four .
Ecology and sociology
The biology-based discipline of ecology focuses on the connections that exist among living organisms and between these organisms and their physical surroundings. 1 Being a branch of biological science, ecology does not concentrate on human societies and the social forces that determine the
the social, cultural and political processes that shape it (Cosgrove and Daniels, 1988; Mitchell, 1996 ).
Controversies over the form and function of the urban landscape are important to study from a political ecology perspective because they reflect uncertainties regarding the costs of particular instances of socio-natural transformation on the built environment and are frequent symptoms of rapidly developing urban regions ( Walker and Fortmann, 2003 : 469). Indeed, Mitchell (2007 : 316) has suggested that the central motivation in conflicts over the form of
designing and playing games to enact learning in experiential ways. They are a good example of critical-creative pedagogy that can help students better understand and address complex ecological challenges. I use the term ecologies in a dual sense, encompassing both its narrower environmental meaning and its broader reference to interconnections, especially in relation to the embeddedness of humans in the ‘web of life’ ( Capra, 1996 ). The chapter also takes a reparative stance that is ‘receptive and hospitable, animated by care for the world and its inhabitants’ ( Gibson
A critical human ecology
perspective on rural ageing
Norah Keating and Judith Phillips
The purpose of this chapter is to establish and describe the critical human ecology
lens that challenges assumptions about growing older in rural areas. This lens is
an essential element of the book in which we consider the interactions of older
adults with the rural contexts that shape their experiences. Rural communities
incorporate many elements of diversity that influence the lives of older adults:
climate, landscape, distance from family networks
A political ecology of youth
The process of ‘growing up’ or ‘becoming adult’ is highly complex and
is shaped and influenced by ideas, relationships and events in the local and
national context (Heinz, 2009). Growing up is therefore experienced
differently in different environments and settings. However, as will
become clear in the discussions that follow in this book, there are
similar patterns and outcomes that can create a collective experience
of growing up, even across national boundaries. Making sense of how
In recent years, the use of drones in biodiversity conservation has become more common.
Drones can be used towards different ends, from reinforcing to resisting exclusionary conservation practices.
Political ecology provides a framework for interrogating what drones do in the hands of different operators.
Political ecology reveals the deeply political and power-laden nature of conservation drones.
In recent years, the use of unpiloted aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, in conservation has skyrocketed. Comprising a range
Only connect: ecology between ‘late’ Latour and Werner Herzog’s
Cave of Forgotten Dreams
Media Studies and the Amsterdam School of Cultural Analysis, Faculteit der
Geesteswetenschappen, Capaciteitsgroep Media & Cultuur, University of Amsterdam,
Kamernummer: 21, Turfdraagsterpad 9, 1012 XT Amsterdam, the Netherlands
In recent articles and lectures, Latour’s ecological thinking has given a central role to
the Gaia theory, in which he develops his own model, often shortened to ‘Gaia’. This
recent work on ecology is dependent on An
Re-imagining the left through an ecology of the commons:
towards a post-capitalist commons transition
Michel Bauwensa and Jose Ramosb
aFounder/Director, P2P Foundation; bResearcher, P2P Foundation
Our main hypothesis in this paper is that in the current conjunc-
ture, we are moving towards a ‘dominance’ of a ‘commons’ format
for societal development. The commons format assumes a ‘third’
mode of development that indicates civil society and community
as critical initiators and guardians of common value. The emerging
commons model should be