practices, including cooking, kinning and speaking a language, intersect with social structures of inequality and re-enact the emergency of crisis. To do so, the article zooms in on the case study of two nuclear disasters – the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster and the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster – and explores the small-scale humanitarian initiatives of Italian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) since 1994 for children affected by these disasters. It shows how a humanitarian attempt to re-establish broken bonds with nature and people had an ambiguous effect that
123 Critical and Radical Social Work • vol 2 • no 1 • 123–24 • © Policy Press 2014 • #CRSW Print ISSN 2049 8608 • Online ISSN 2049 8675 • http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/204986014X13912719780378 voices from the frontline The rise of disaster capitalism? A report from Japan since the tsunami and the nuclear explosion around Fukushima Fumihito Ito, Nihon Fukushi University, Japan, email@example.com In 2012, I posted a report from Japan describing the social protests taking place there when more than 150,000 people gathered in front of the national government
Key messages Uncertainty following disaster results in the production of new forms of expert practice. Radiation risks in this case study produced the collection of novel evidence. These practices emerged in response to community uncertainties. This produced new roles for medical practitioners within their community. Introduction This study investigates the impact of the Fukushima 3.11 Disaster on the expertise and evidence-generating practices of medical professionals in a directly-affected region. Following the disaster, public fear around
This is a reply to ‘Chronic crisis and nuclear disaster humanitarianism: recuperation of Chernobyl and Fukushima children in Italy’ by Ekatherina Zhukova (2022) . The article on ‘Chronic crisis and nuclear disaster humanitarianism’ makes a number of valuable points in relation to how practices of vernacular humanitarianism, such as hosting children in Italian families, can have ambiguous effects. While alleviating some of the negative outcomes, they potentially entrench a sense of ‘chronic crisis’ and intensify pre-existing inequalities. Extending beyond these
Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Disasters are an increasingly common and complex combination of environmental, social and cultural factors. Yet existing response frameworks and emergency plans tend to homogenise affected populations as ‘victims’, overlooking the distinctive experience, capacities and skills of children and young people.
Drawing on participatory research with more than 550 children internationally, this book argues for a radical transformation in children’s roles and voices in disasters. It shows practitioners, policy-makers and researchers how more child-centred disaster management, that recognises children’s capacity to enhance disaster resilience, actually benefits at-risk communities as a whole.
While studies of policy analysis in other countries have assessed their needs and integrated them into training programmes for professional policy analysts, Japanese studies have been very limited. Policy analysis in Japan brings together for the first time a detailed examination of the theory and practice of policy analysis systems in Japan, at different levels.
As part of the successful International Library of Policy Analysis series edited by Iris Geva-May and Michael Howlett, the book provides expert analysis to closely examine to what extent the Japanese government has succeeded in providing key policy actors with evidence-informed policy options, thereby improving the likelihood of better policies being adopted and implemented. The book also assesses Japan’s future policy directions, allowing policy researchers and practitioners to draw a number of lessons from the Japanese experience.
The book includes empirical case studies to aid teaching and further research, and will be a valuable resource for students and academics as well as policymakers.
Features of the ILPA series include:
a country-specific systematic study of policy analysis systems by government and non-governmental actors
a history of the country’s policy analysis, empirical case studies and a comparative overview of alternative approaches
a key reference collection for research and teaching in comparative policy analysis and policy studies
Amid a global health crisis, the process for declaring a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) is at a crossroads.
As a formal declaration by the World Health Organization, a PHEIC is governed by clear legislation as to what is, and what is not, deemed a global health security threat. However, it has become increasingly politicized, and the legal criteria now appear to be secondary to the political motivation or outcome of the announcement. Addressing multiple empirical case studies, including COVID-19, this multidisciplinary book explores the relationship between international law and international relations to interrogate how a PHEIC is declared and its role in how we collectively respond to outbreaks.
People often believe that we can overcome the profound environmental and climate crises we face by smart systems, green innovations and more recycling. However, the quest for complex technological solutions, which rely on increasingly exotic and scarce materials, makes this unlikely.
A best-seller in France, this English language edition introduces readers to an alternative perspective on how we should be marshalling our resources to preserve the planet and secure our future. Bihouix skilfully goes against the grain to argue that ‘high’ technology will not solve global problems and envisages a different approach to build a more resilient and sustainable society.
This unique study of social harm offers a systematic and critical discussion of the nature of environmental harm from an eco-justice perspective, challenging conventional criminological definitions of environmental harm.
The book evaluates three interconnected justice-related approaches to environmental harm: environmental justice (humans), ecological justice (the environment) and species justice (non-human animals). It provides a critical assessment of environmental harm by interrogating key concepts and exploring how activists and social movements engage in the pursuit of justice. It concludes by describing the tensions between the different approaches and the importance of developing an eco-justice framework that to some extent can reconcile these differences.
Using empirical evidence built on theoretical foundations with examples and illustrations from many national contexts, ‘Environmental harm’ will be of interest to students and academics in criminology, sociology, law, geography, environmental studies, philosophy and social policy all over the world.
EPUB and EPDF available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence.
What is feminist peace? How can we advocate for peace from patriarchy? What do women, globally, advocate for when they use the term 'peace'? This edited collection brings together conversations across borders and boundaries to explore plural, intersectional and interdisciplinary concepts of feminist peace.
The book includes contributions from a geographically diverse range of scholars, judges, practitioners and activists, and the chapters cut across themes of movement building and resistance and explore the limits of institutionalised peacebuilding. The chapters deal with a range of issues, such as environmental degradation, militarization, online violence and arms spending.
Offering a resource to advance theoretical development and to advocate for policy change, this book transcends traditional approaches to the study of peace and security and embraces diverse voices and perspectives which are absent in both academic and policy spaces.