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I have looked at alternative societies across the world, but mostly at local or national ones. How do these alternatives relate to international or global society (see Adler, 2019 ; Murphy, 2019 )? In this chapter, I want to discuss alternatives at a more global level, to regimes such as global neoliberalism and the regulation of people movement. In the 1970s and 1980s, globalization was defined, in part, by neoliberalism. For many, globalization meant the spread of economic liberalism as much as the globalization of capitalism. A movement grew in the 2000s

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to a specific coun- try case study, that of the Irish Republic. Not only is Ireland hailed as the most globalised economy in the world, but its economic growth in the 1990s is seen to demonstrate how nations can flourish in the new global economy. By im- plication, if other nations are to follow Ireland’s success, they too must submit to these exoge- nous global forces. This article challenges such claims. In fact, it argues, the concept of ‘globalisation’ delivers very little in analytical terms. Rather, it is little more than an umbrella term for a variety of di

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Integrating MENA Countries in a Globalized Economy

This volume analyses the impact of globalization on civil service systems across the Middle East and North Africa.

A collaboration between practitioners and academic public policy experts, it presents an analytical model to assess how globalization influences civil servants, illustrated by case studies of countries where there has been an increased engagement with international actors. It demonstrates how this increased interaction has altered the position of civil servants and traces the shifting patterns of power and accountability between civil servants, politicians and other actors.

It is an original and important addition to debate about globalization’s role in transnational public administration and governance.

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127 6 Globalization Introduction Our understanding of democratic backsliding would be incomplete without an exploration of the global context propelling discontent. Globalization was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries around the world. Instead globalization has been reviled (and loved) almost everywhere. In 2002, Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz (2002) sought to explain in his book Globalization and Its Discontents why there was so much dissatisfaction with globalization in developing countries. Today globalization is

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13 TWO Globalisation, global ageing and intergenerational change Chris Phillipson Introduction Population ageing has been a major factor influencing changes in intergenerational relationships. Some of the key questions explored in research over the past two decades have concerned issues relating to generational equity, the emergence of new forms of multigenerational support, the characteristics of intergenerational solidarity and changing roles and relationships within families (Bengtson, 1993; Fokkema et al, 2008). This literature has raised important

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Alps, are finding themselves becoming key sites in the supply chains that support energy transitions happening elsewhere. It has been estimated that the expansion of renewable energy required by 2015 Paris Agreement, which aims to limit the global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius, might require as much as 34 metric tonnes of copper, 50 million tonnes of zinc, 162 million tonnes of aluminium, and 40 million tonnes of lead ( Hickel, 2019 ). All of this must come from somewhere. It must be detected, extracted, shipped, processed, and manufactured into renewable

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Introduction Globalization has generated new challenges for nation states, not only in terms of responding to the substantive policy challenges that have emerged (environmental, economic, and, most recently, the COVID-19 pandemic), but also with respect to modalities of governance and decision making within executive institutions (ministries and agencies), and in broader institutional systems. Challenges include the need to respond to ever more sophisticated global performance indicators, building systems to ensure smarter use of information in EBPM

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77 5 Globalisation and the dilemmas of development: is globalisation good or bad for the Global South? Introduction: what in the world is going on? The only consensus about globalization is that it is contested. (Scholte, 2005: 41) Globalisation has become one of the key concepts of the contemporary age, and in the world of international development it takes on a huge significance in interpreting and understanding the nature and scope of development across the world. However, as we will see in this chapter, it is also a term which has no universal

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Population ageing and globalisation represent two of the most radical social transformations that have occurred. This book provides, for the first time, an accessible overview of how they interact.

Ageing has been conventionally framed within the boundaries of nation states, yet demographic changes, transmigration, financial globalization and the global media have rendered this perspective problematic. This much-needed book is the first to apply theories of globalisation to gerontology, including Appadurai’s theory, allowing readers to understand the implications of growing older in a global age.

This comprehensive introduction to globalisation for gerontologists is part of the Ageing in a Global Context series, published in association with the British Society of Gerontology. It will be of particular interest to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students and academics in this area.

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