The rapid economic growth of the past few decades has radically transformed India’s labour market, bringing millions of former agricultural workers into manufacturing industries, and, more recently, the expanding service industries, such as call centres and IT companies.
Alongside this employment shift has come a change in health and health problems, as communicable diseases have become less common, while non-communicable diseases, like cardiovascular problems, and mental health issues such as stress, have increased.
This interdisciplinary work connects those two trends to offer an analysis of the impact of working conditions on the health of Indian workers that is unprecedented in scope and depth.
Bringing together new, multidisciplinary research, this book explores how children and young people across Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas experience and cope with situations of poverty and precarity.
It looks at the impact of neoliberalism, austerity and global economic crisis, evidencing the multiple harms and inequalities caused. It also examines the different ways that children, young people and families ‘get by’ under these challenging circumstances, showing how they care for one another and envisage more hopeful socio-political futures.
Christopher Deeming and Paul Smyth together with internationally renowned contributors propose that the merging of the ‘social investment’ and ‘inclusive growth and development’ agendas is forging an unprecedented global social policy framework. The book shows how these key ideas together with the environmental imperative of ‘sustainability’ are shaping a new global development agenda.
This framework opens the way to a truly global social policy discipline making it essential reading for those working in social and public policy, politics, economics and development as well geographical and environmental sciences. In the spirit of the UN’s Sustainability Goals, the book will assist all those seeking to forge a new policy consensus for the 21st century based on Social Investment for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development.
Contributors include Giuliano Bonoli, Marius Busemeyer, Sarah Cook, Guillem López-Casasnovas, Anton Hemerijck, Stephan Klasen, Huck-ju Kwon, Tim Jackson, Jane Jenson, Jon Kvist, James Midgley, and Günther Schmid.
. Between 2006 and 2010, female LFPR in Bangladesh increased from 26.1 per cent to 36.0 per cent. The rise in the female LFPR (2006 to 2010) in Bangladesh stands in contrast to the Indian labour market scenario where the female LFPR for women aged 15 years and above fell by 10.1 per cent resulting in 22.6 million fewer women in the labour force in 2010 than in 2005 (see Dasgupta and Verick, 2016, chapter 4,5 and 6). 5 ‘Foreigners’ who enter India without valid documents may be charged under the Foreigners Act 1946 or the Passports Act 1967. Bangladeshis, who
history might repeat itself in developing countries that are currently at the threshold of experiencing major structural changes. This will help us to place the development of the Indian labour market in a historical perspective and perhaps also equip us to formulate labour market policies appropriate to the time and space in which we find ourselves. To do this, we need to start with a brief review of changes that have impacted on the size and composition of the labour force in the industrial economies during the 19th and 20th centuries. This is crucial as it
during an interview and when given the opportunity to discuss their labour does the reality of many women’s lived labour experiences become exposed. South Asian Labour literature has previously critiqued that Bangladeshi and Indian labour market statistics are incapable of capturing the labour of women, particularly rural women (Mahmud and Tasneem, 2011 ). It is often argued that this leads to unreliable estimates of women’s labour (Srinivasan, 2010 ). The findings described here add further weight to this issue, as survey responses are shown to mask some individuals
the remainder was the result of social spending. In particular, investment in universal education since the 1990s has resulted in a decline in the skills premium, while the increase in the minimum wage has raised earnings for unskilled workers, both of which contribute to reduced inequality in labour income. 155 The role of nonstandard forms of employment in emerging countries: India The case of India is different. For the Indian labour market, Europe’s concept of NSFE fails completely (Table 6.4). The informal sector employs about 90% of the labour force