This is the first book to examine the views of a number of theorists from ancient times to the 19th century on a range of welfare issues: wealth, poverty and inequality; slavery, gender issues, and the family; child rearing and education; crime and punishment; the role of government in society; the strengths and weaknesses of government provision vis a vis market provision. The book also looks at the values of the various theorists as well as their perception of human nature for these tend to underpin their welfare views. The book will make essential reading for students of social policy, gender issues, community care, social work, and sociology.
Through a range of case studies spanning the post-Cold War period in Iraq, Moldova and Serbia, this innovative book breaks new ground in its study of asymmetric conflicts where warring sides exhibit vast power differentials. It uses multiple theories to examine the different pathways that encourage minor powers to engage in both offensive and defensive wars that they are likely to lose, analysing domestic crisis as a key catalyst and considering ways to mitigate conditions that drive conflict. The author provides an important framework that can be applied to contemporary conflicts elsewhere.
7.1 background and goal of the study
This study is the result of a long, interactive research process conducted over the last 20
years. During this time, the ‘combination of professional and family work’ has become
a major policy issue in modern democratic welfare states. It is a central motor of the
daily life of men and women within their families and within other organisations.
An efficient ‘combination policy’, therefore, needs a consistent and effective policy
programme for all relevant societal fields.
Chapter 1 explored the
Major-accident hazards in spatial planning
Continually, tragic accidents in technological establishments that deal
with dangerous substances are proof that they are jeopardising the
health and safety of the people who live in nearby residential areas. For
instance, the explosion of a fireworks depot in Enschede (Netherlands)
in May 2000 caused the death of 23 people, damaged 1,500 houses
and left 1,250 people homeless. This incident showed once more how
important it is to establish certain conditions that ensure
Measuring the impact of major life events
Ballas, D. and Dorling, D. (2007) ‘Measuring the impact of major life events
upon happiness’, International Journal of Epidemiology, vol 36, no 6, pp 1244-52.
1. Secondary data analysis of self-reported happiness and major life event data can
provide an initial suggestion, of which dynamic events appear to matter most in
people’s lives and some measure of to whom and where those events are most
likely to occur.
2. Our analysis suggests that in British society at the end of the 20
is such a complex task.
This chapter provides a framework for analyzing large-scale, organized and complex criminality through and within major seaports and the challenges of policing these activities. It analyzes organized crime, organizational crime and forms of collusion and/or corruption on the waterfront and in/through seaports by focussing on the challenges of countering them from a policing perspective. Drawing from data collected for completed research projects, especially in the ports of Genoa, New York/New Jersey, Montreal, Melbourne, Liverpool and
RISKS, RIGHTS AND SECRETS: public
access to information on industrial major
Gordon P. Walker
Recent developments in public access to
information on environmental risk concerns
arediscussedin relation to the regulation of
major hazard industry. Confidentiality has
traditionally been part and parcel of the
'consensual' approach to risk regulation in
the UK. However. in responseto a number
of pressures. including the wider reper-
cussions of accident events at Sevesoand
Bhopal, moves towards greater openness
have been seen. This paper describes and
Poland: leave policy and
the process and goals
of a major reform1
The statutory right to a paid Maternity Leave was introduced
in communist Poland in 1975. The 16 weeks of leave it initially
guaranteed came in just above western standards.2 From the start,
the leave was fully paid, covering 100 per cent of eligible employees’
previous (basic) earnings. During the first decade of Poland’s political
and economic transformation the length of paid Maternity Leave was
not changed, as other socio-economic issues dominated the
Let’s just say we’d like to avoid any great power
entanglements: desecuritization in post-Mao Chinese foreign
policy towards major powers
Juha A. Vuori
Department of Philosophy, Contemporary History, and Political Science, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Previous studies on securitization in China have shown how secur-
ity discourses can have various domestic political functions, how
even security issues can be contested, and how China engages
with the securitization moves of neighbouring states. Despite this
growing literature, there is
This collection of work has been produced as a result of a major 1994 UK seminar on the measurement and analysis of social exclusion, sponsored by the European Commission and the UK Department of Social Security. There are contributions from a wide range of academics with varying backgrounds.
Three main concerns are targeted:
the conceptualisation of social exclusion;
the measurement of social exclusion;
the indicators for monitoring the effectiveness of policies for combating social exclusion.
This book provides an invaluable review of the literature available and presents major new thinking in terms of theory, understanding and data analysis. It will be important reading for students, researchers and policy makers working in this field.