In this engaging book, David M. McCourt makes the case for New Constructivist approaches to international relations scholarship.
The book traces constructivist work on culture, identity, and norms within the historical, geographical, and professional contexts of world politics, and reflects on recent innovations in fields including practice theory, relationalism, and network analysis. Copiously illustrated with real-world examples from the rise of China and US foreign policy, it illuminates the processes by which international politics are built. This is both an accessible tour of Constructivism to date and a persuasive declaration for its continuing application and value.
Restorative justice (RJ) and restorative approaches (RAs) are becoming increasingly valued as a way of responding to a wide range of conflicts, including problem and offending behaviours. The growth in the use of RJ and RAs has been described as a ‘global social movement’ that sets out to repair harm, reduce conflict and harmonise civil society. This report takes a close look at the implementation of an RJ approach in the challenging environment of children’s residential care homes. It will appeal to people who are interested in the use of RJ, particularly its use with children and young people, as well as those interested in problem and offending behaviours in relation to children in care.
‘Commerce and manufactures gradually introduced order and good government,’ wrote Adam Smith in his Wealth of Nations, ‘and with them, the liberty and security of individuals.’ However, Philipp Rössner shows how, when looked at in the face of history, it has usually been the other way around.
This book follows the development of capitalism from the Middle Ages through the industrial revolution to modern day, casting new light on the areas where pre-modern political economies of growth and development made a difference. It shows how order and governance provided the foundation for prosperity, growth and the wealth of nations.
Written for scholars and students of economic history, this is a pioneering new study that debunks the neoliberal origin myth of how capitalism came into the world.
witnessed key conceptualizations and reconceptualizations of markets, money and manufacturing, especially of what could be done with money to improve economic circulation and domestic capital formation, pointing towards a gradually more dynamic view of economy – the cameralist vision of economic development that I have tried to reconstruct in previous chapters. The broader questions about the origins of state, its ramifications regarding rulership, oeconomic statecraft and state capacity were neither peculiarly German nor raised exclusively during the early modern age
, 19 ( 4 ): 439 – 70 . Johnson , N.D. and Koyama , M. ( 2014 ) Tax farming and the origins of state capacity in England and France , Explorations in Economic History , 51 : 1 – 20 . Besley , T. and Persson , T. ( 2009 ) The origins of state capacity: property rights, taxation, and politics , American Economic Review , 99 ( 4 ): 1218 – 44 . Besley , T. and Persson , T. ( 2011 ) Pillars of Prosperity: The Political Economics of Development Clusters , Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press . Dincecco , M. ( 2011 ) Political
outside of the European model. Among Orientalist scholars, H. A. Gibbon was the first Western scholar to engage with the origins of state in the Middle East. Following him, other scholars such as Houtsma, Huart, Marquart, Massignon and Mordtmann all emphasized ‘the “oriental” nature of the Ottomans and accepted the essentially Turco-Muslim identity of the founders of the state’ (Kafadar 1995, 32–5). However, as the contemporary studies of Ottoman history argue, ‘the rise of the Ottoman state had to be studied against the background of centuries of warfare, cultural
. Sectarianism, in this case, is often misconstrued as a self-fulfilling prophecy. Whereas in Pakistan, the origins of state formation preclude it from having this sort of dynamic; denominational identity, for the most part, is taken for granted. Pakistan showcases a syncretic form of Islam whereby denominational identity is blurred if not reduced. Moreover, it is worth contrasting the processes in which sectarianism is instrumentalised in both nations. In Bahrain, state securitisation is much more salient, and sectarianism is a tool for regime survival and maintenance of
. Banerjee , A.V. and Duflo , E. ( 2012 ) Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the way to Fight Global Poverty , PublicAffairs . Barnett , R.E. ( 2014  ) Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty , Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press . Berry , C.J. ( 2019 ) Essays on Hume, Smith, and the Scottish Enlightenment , Edinburgh : Edinburg University Press . Besley , T. and Persson , T. ( 2009 ) The origins of state capacity: property rights, taxation, and politics , American Economic Review , 99 ( 4 ): 1218 – 44
institutionalism, and their specific arguments regarding the role of regimes in international organization, 35 and more generally on the origins of state interests. 36 But over time the context of US political science has shifted significantly. Realism is no longer the predominant paradigm and liberal institutionalism its neat Other. The picture is far more complex. No single theoretical approach predominates. Indeed, respondents to different waves of the ‘Teaching and Research in International Politics’ surveys often rank Constructivism their theory-of-choice. 37 But in
to ‘indoor’ industrial training in buildings separate from workhouses, but was not greatly dissimilar to the earlier legislation. Cameron and Maginn (2009) remind us that until the rise of an industrial Britain in the 18th century poor children died in large numbers from malnutrition, disease, negligence and abuse unless they went into ‘the workhouse’ or were looked after by the philanthropy of their local community or the church. Poverty and destitution is therefore the key backdrop to the origins of state intervention in the lives of children. Another explicit