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117 7 Power and power analysis The previous chapter concluded with a focus on the development of support networks, linking popular educators together to pool ideas, identifying ways of sharing resources. This chapter moves on to focus on ways to identify potential allies, along with ways of identifying potential opponents. Who has the power and influence to make a difference, whether positively or negatively, depending on the issues and interests concerned? Who might be won over, depending on their own interests and views? And how can popular educators

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needs of society. How might various movements, including those seeking gender, climate and economic justice, coalesce to pressure for a new form of ecosocial welfare? Here we begin to tease out the politics of transformation and how the concept of ecosocial can offer a focus for a wider struggle for transformation. This chapter is realistic about the strong structural power of those who benefit most from maintaining the status quo, and it is in this context that concepts of power and transformation are unpacked before discussing whether crisis might be an

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Introduction Philosophers have long been grappling with the root causes of the inequality of power, the patterns with which power is exercised and its impact on the subordinate. Some writers accept the prevailing exercise of power as an essential state of affairs; they also tend to see it in largely benign terms. Others strongly disagree. This debate is rife in the scholarly literature. But in the community at large there is little questioning of the manner in which power is used, whether within the society at large or at the workplace. Social structures

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113 6 State Power Structures 6.1 Introduction We have seen that many fallacious arguments are utilized in the power literature on urban communities. The fallacies appear on all sides of the debate in pluralist, ‘radical’ and elite theory. These same fallacies often reappear in the literature on power structures at the national level. I will not give a detailed critique of particular works in that literature but rather will broaden the account to consider different models of the policy process. As the dominant and most criticized literature is pluralist, I

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This chapter considers the effect of market integration on organized labour in Europe. To the extent that workaway and competitive wage pressure have become a more important means for securing local labour market adjustments, they are bound to affect the relative power of labour. This chapter considers the impact of these changes on the power and influence of workers as a class, and how organized labour in Europe has responded to these changes. As mentioned in Chapter 2 , it is common to measure labour power along two dimensions: in terms of both structural

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Half a century of female presidents and prime ministers worldwide
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CHOICE OUTSTANDING ACADEMIC TITLE 2015

Do women national leaders represent a breakthrough for the women’s movement, or is women’s leadership weaker than the numbers imply? This unique book, written by an experienced politician and academic, is the first to provide a comprehensive overview of how and why women in 53 countries rose to the top in the years since World War II. Packed with fascinating case studies detailing the rise to power of all 73 female presidents and prime ministers from around the world, from 1960 (when the first was elected) to 2010, the motives, achievements and life stories of the female top leaders, including findings from interviews carried out by the author, provide a nuanced picture of women in power. The book will have wide international appeal to students, academics, government officials, women’s rights activists and political activists, as well as anyone interested in international affairs, politics, social issues, gender and equality.

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worldwide movement that has endured some two thousand years? Barabasi suggests that initially he won approval from the inner circle of power brokers—the disciples of Jesus—to relax the membership rules of the organization, such as male circumcision and strict dietary laws, for anyone wishing to join. Second, he identified how best to spread the word. Paul spent 12 years walking some 10,000 miles between communities, acting as a salesman for the faith. Not just any communities, but the biggest concentrations of population, in which were located the most developed and

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and housing underpin and shape lived experiences of food and poverty. Low income, social security and food insecurity in Bradford and York Survey data collected between 2007 and 2010 among mothers in Bradford and between 2018 and 2019 among parents in York evidenced a clear relationship between household income, social security and food insecurity (see statistical analysis in Power et al, 2017d ; Pybus et al, 2021 ; and Power et al, 2021a ). In Bradford, there was a strong 2 association between food insecurity and multiple markers of low socioeconomic

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In this chapter, I will lay the groundwork for a coherent, critical theory of policy making by more deeply describing the explanatory concepts that I introduced in Chapter 1 : power and morality. I will explain the different forms of political power and social power that help explain how policy is made. Forms of political power include institutional, legal and coercive. These come from the winning of political power, whether by democratic election or military force. Forms of social power come from relationships between social groups inside and outside the

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219 SEVEN The power of social innovation Concentrated wealth can limit economic performance. Under the right rules, shared prosperity and strong economic performance reinforce each other. There is no trade off. Joseph E. Stiglitz, Rewriting the Rules of the American Economy Box 7.1: Torino – a story Arrival in Torino by train is spectacular – you either head towards the Alps from Milan, or you descend into Torino from a majestic climb over the snow-capped passes of Europe’s highest mountain range. Torino is super-dense, so trains, trams, buses, metro and

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