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physical, material and social proposition (cf Stewart, 2005). The existing political-economic literature on the effects of EU spending on regional development follows in the footsteps of this intellectual tradition. Regional development is typically understood in terms of reducing regional inequalities as measured by GDP differences between regions. A central research interest lies in estimating and examining regional convergence (or the extent to which regions become more similar) in terms of GDP per capita over time (Barro and Sala-i-Martin, 1991 ; Boldrin and Canova

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policymakers to a realization that social investments through EU regional development funding needed to be better defined. Governments feared that European integration might boost economic growth but exacerbate social inequalities. Throughout the 1990s, many elections in Europe were fought over conflicting views on welfare state reform – notably in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands – but it was the Commission in particular that was intent on relating regional funding to issues of rising unemployment, social exclusion and urban deprivation. It was not until the late 1990s

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Challenging the Geographies of Centrality and Remoteness

This collection shifts the focus of higher education research away from the traditional urban centre and onto small island contexts across the world. Introducing the small island as a context for higher education delivery this book extends beyond the existing literature on higher education in small states, arguing for the value specifically of the small island as a conceptual frame for exploring multiscalar dynamics between global, national and local contexts in higher education provision. Drawing on examples from around the world, the book identifies how the small island opens critical questions relevant to higher education scholarship much more widely about the purposes and functions of higher education especially in relation to national, regional and local development, as well as questions about specific issues in higher education such as quality and management. The insights offered by the contributions in this book will be relevant to higher education scholars as well as scholars in the field of island studies, and especially those concerned with the relationship of higher education provision to regional and island development.

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provide the basis of eligibility for European Regional Development Fund and European Social Fund support under the three categories of ‘less developed’, ‘transition’ and ‘more developed’ regions.2 Cornwall and West Wales & the Valleys are the only areas of the UK in the ‘less developed’ category (less than 75% of the average EU GDP per head). West Wales & the Valleys is due to receive almost a fifth (18.6%) of the UK’s total allocation of structural funds for the 2014–20 period (€10.8 billion) (Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, 2014). Brexit

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considerable local independence at state or province level. Regional development organisations can wield considerable power as distributors of funding for economic development and may play a critical role in sustaining the economic viability of rural settlements (Cheers et al, 2007; McDonagh et al, 2009). In many countries, these regional agencies are also important sources of funding for community and social development. For this reason, social workers and their agencies need to know how to access funding and contribute to their policies and plans. The economic and

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International and comparative perspectives

Population shifts and an increase in the number of natural (and man-made) disasters are having a profound effect on urban and rural habitats globally. This book brings together for the first time the experiences and knowledge of international contributors from academia, research, policy and practice to discuss the role of spatial planning after significant disasters. It highlights on-going efforts to improve spatial resilience across the globe and predicts future trends. Comparisons from five countries including Japan, the US, Indonesia, Slovakia and Germany, highlight the influence of significant disasters on spatial planning and spatial resiliency under different legal-administrative and cultural frameworks.

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An international perspectives
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In much of the West the concerns of rural people are marginalised and rural issues neglected. This stimulating book draws upon a rich variety of material to show why rural social work is such a challenging field of practice. It incorporates research from different disciplines and places to provide an accessible and comprehensive introduction to rural practice.

The first part of the book focuses upon the experience of rurality. The second part of the book turns to the development of rural practice, reviewing different ways of working from casework through to community development.

This book is relevant to planners, managers and practitioners not only in social work but also in other welfare services such as health and youth work, who are likely to face similar challenges.

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The state of the regions
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It provides the first up-to-date and comprehensive picture of the state of regionalism in England. Charting the regionalisation of England that has occurred over recent years, the book:

examines the background to the ‘English Question’;

outlines factors leading to regionalisation in England;

presents a new region by region analysis of the social, economic and political conditions;

considers the arguments for regional government.

Policy makers, practitioners, academics, students, journalists and others who need to understand and keep up to date with the development of governance of the English regions will find this book to be an indispensable resource.

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This collection shifts the focus of higher education research away from the traditional urban centre and onto small island contexts across the world. Introducing the small island as a context for higher education delivery this book extends beyond the existing literature on higher education in small states, arguing for the value specifically of the small island as a conceptual frame for exploring multiscalar dynamics between global, national and local contexts in higher education provision. Drawing on examples from around the world, the book identifies how the small island opens critical questions relevant to higher education scholarship much more widely about the purposes and functions of higher education especially in relation to national, regional and local development, as well as questions about specific issues in higher education such as quality and management. The insights offered by the contributions in this book will be relevant to higher education scholars as well as scholars in the field of island studies, and especially those concerned with the relationship of higher education provision to regional and island development.

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This collection shifts the focus of higher education research away from the traditional urban centre and onto small island contexts across the world. Introducing the small island as a context for higher education delivery this book extends beyond the existing literature on higher education in small states, arguing for the value specifically of the small island as a conceptual frame for exploring multiscalar dynamics between global, national and local contexts in higher education provision. Drawing on examples from around the world, the book identifies how the small island opens critical questions relevant to higher education scholarship much more widely about the purposes and functions of higher education especially in relation to national, regional and local development, as well as questions about specific issues in higher education such as quality and management. The insights offered by the contributions in this book will be relevant to higher education scholars as well as scholars in the field of island studies, and especially those concerned with the relationship of higher education provision to regional and island development.

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