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PART V Geographic Status of Rural Criminological Research

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Despite rural criminology’s origins dating back to the 1930s, the growth of rural criminology has not been even across the globe. The ‘big four’ academic bases of rural criminological study – the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and to a slightly lesser extent Canada – have hitherto dominated the scholarship landscape in book chapter and journal article form. This is, in part, attributable to the lure of wealthier, better-resourced institutions which happen to be located in these parts of the world. That is, scholars will relocate across borders

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Introduction As the title of this chapter states, it is about both theoretical and empirical gaps in rural criminology. For the purposes of this chapter, a gap will be defined as: first, a failure to develop rural-based theory and/or to actively conduct research on particular rural criminological topics; second, a failure to apply theory to help define research or, reciprocally, apply research to help revise and upgrade theory; and third, a failure to apply both theory and research to the development of crime prevention and criminal justice strategies for the

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ultimately invited Paul to join the band which later transformed into The Beatles. Similarly, in academia, as with so many other facets of life, unplanned encounters can have quite profound transformative outcomes. Let’s consider the journeys into rural criminology of the authors of this chapter. Alistair Harkness transitioned back into academia in 2011 after a hiatus. A colleague sagely suggested that he find a research niche and, given the university where they worked was in a regional location, a focus on farm crime was chosen largely because of the paucity of focus

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contradictory – ways in which the rural and rural people are represented in popular discourse. It contemplates some of these themes through the lens of rural criminology as a newly emerging subdiscipline, drawing primarily from the work of Donnermeyer and DeKeseredy (2014) . Third, the chapter provides an overview of the various contributions in this book. The rural: badlands or promised land? Bruce Springsteen’s album Darkness at the Edge of Town speaks, as do so many in Springsteen’s oeuvre, of hard times, of the edge and of the space beyond the city limits. It

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The key reference guide to rural crime and rural justice, this encyclopedia includes 85 concise and informative entries covering rural crime theories, offences and control. It is divided into five complementary sections:

  • theories of rural crime;

  • rural crime studies;

  • rural criminal justice studies and responses;

  • rural people and groups;

  • rural criminological research.

With contributions from established and emerging international scholars, this authoritative guide offers state-of-the-art synopses of the key issues in rural crime, criminology, offending and victimisation, and both institutional and informal responses to rural crime.

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Ten percent of the world’s population lives on islands, but until now the place and space characteristics of islands in criminological theory have not been deeply considered. This book moves beyond the question of whether islands have more, or less, crime than other places, and instead addresses issues of how, and by whom, crime is defined in island settings, which crimes are policed and visible, and who is subject to regulation. These questions are informed by ‘the politics of place and belonging’ and the distinctive social networks and normative structures of island communities.

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International Critical Perspectives in Rural Criminology

What are the theoretical and conceptual framings of rural criminology across the world? Thinking creatively about the challenges of rural crime and policing, in this stimulating collection of essays experts in this emerging field draw from theories of modernity, feminism, climate change, left realism and globalisation.

This first book in the Research in Rural Crime series offers state-of-the-art scholarship from across the globe, and considers the future agenda for the discipline.

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Interdisciplinary Approaches

Gender-based violence (GBV) can take many forms and have detrimental effects across generations and cultures. The triangulation of GBV, rurality and rural culture is a challenging and essential topic and this edited collection provides an innovative analysis of GBV in rural communities.

Focusing on under-studied and/or oppressed groups such as immigrants and LGBT+ people, the book explores new theories on patterns of violence. Giving insights into GBV education and prevention, the text introduces community justice and victim advocacy approaches to tackling issues of GBV in rural areas. From policy review into actionable change, the editors examine best practices to positively affect the lives of survivors.

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A Multi-Disciplinary Perspective

What role does physical and virtual space play in gender-based violence (GBV)? Experts from the Global North and South use wide-ranging case studies – from public harassment in India and Kenya to the role of Twitter users in women’s harassment – to examine how spaces can facilitate or prevent GBV and showcase strategies for prevention and intervention from women and LGBTQ+ people.

Students and academics from a range of disciplines will discover how existing research connects with practice and policy developments, the current gaps in research and a future agenda for GBV studies.

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