This section looks at both those who commit and those who are
subjected to sexualviolence. The terms victim and offender are used,
but with caution. They are labels that can subsume a range of behaviours,
motivations, experiences and subjectivities into a ‘shorthand’ that can
be unhelpful in addressing complexity.
Chapter Seven looks at working with victims of all forms of sexualviolence, ranging from the intra-familial abuse of small children to
the sexual exploitation of adults through international trafficking.
Written by leading experts in the field, this timely collection highlights current strategies and thinking in relation to prevention of sexual violence and critically considers the limitations of these frameworks.
Combining psychological, criminological, sociological and legal perspectives, it explores academic, practitioner and survivor points of view. It addresses broad themes, from cultures of sexual harassment to the role of media in oversexualising women and girls, as well as specific issues including violence against children and older people.
For researchers, practitioners and students alike, this is an invaluable resource that maps new approaches for practice and prevention.
surrounding events – the precipitating sexual jealousy.
If women’s experiences of specific sexualviolence(s) are added to the mix, then the importance of recognising the everyday nature of such violence(s) becomes even more transparent. Kelly ( 1988 ), following Wilson ( 1983 ), developed the concept of a continuum to capture these experiences in which events from ‘flashing’ to murder, experienced in private and in public, perpetrated by single offenders to multiple victims, experienced once or many times, were all put in the same critical plane. Whilst Kelly ( 2011
Despite the vast amount of sexualviolence research, there exists an important gap in knowledge around older victims and offenders. At a national level, people aged 60 and over have, until recently, been excluded from the Crime Survey for England and Wales intimate violence module, which collects data on domestic and sexualviolence. Internationally, the focus of academic research, policy, and practice has been on young women who are consistently found to be most ‘at risk’ of experiencing sexualviolence. Consequently, we know very little about
Tactical rape and sexualviolence in conflict
Tactical rape is not a new phenomenon. It is deliberate, widespread
policy rape implemented with definite intent. Even with the increasing
formal recognition of its pernicious effects and its threats to human and
state security, tactical rape continues. “In conflicts around the world,
armies and armed groups use sexualviolence as a devastating tactic of
war,” said Nisha Varia, women’s rights advocacy director at Human
Rights Watch.1 This does not mean that it is useless to insist on all
The article is about the sharp rise in sexualviolence in India.
It uses patriarchal dominance and social disintegration theories of rape as methodological tools to examine the rise.
It explores the links between hate-based political ideologies, the violence in public life, the access to pornography and the increased instances of sexualviolence.
India has seen a sharp rise in sexualviolence against women and girls over the last decade, particularly after 2013 ( Raj and McDugall, 2014 ; Bandyopathyay, 2018 ). There are several
The extent of sexualviolence experienced by women university students has, in recent years, garnered increased media, political, academic and institutional attention, in the UK and internationally. In England and Wales, the National Union of Students’ ( NUS) (2010) report, Hidden Marks , found that one in seven women students had experienced a serious or physical sexual assault and 68 per cent had experienced some form of verbal or non-verbal harassment, in and around their institution. The study highlighted the extent of sexualviolence
, 2010 ; Tibeau, 2011 ). In particular, social work has conformed to this colonial, carceral historical narrative by positioning its partnerships with, and allegiances to, the state as sufficient and effective in addressing social issues. Through this process, partial and hidden histories of marginalisation and violence at the hands of the state continue to be erased and subverted in order to protect the carceral system and social work’s efforts to uphold and carry out its actions. For example, rather than addressing the root causes of gender-based and sexualviolence
‘Lad culture’ and sexualviolence
This chapter addresses the issue of sexualviolence against students
and the concept of ‘lad culture’ which has been used to frame this
phenomenon in the UK and has connections to similar debates around
masculinities in other countries. This issue is much-researched and
debated but under-theorised and, due to a lack of intersectionality,
radical feminist frameworks around violence against women are useful
but incomplete. The chapter sketches a more nuanced approach