99 9 Housework and socialization Introduction Power dynamics in one’s family of origin shape internalized notions of normative family relationships. Previous research has documented how the division of paid and unpaid work in one’s family of origin socializes children to hold specific attitudes and beliefs about how relationships should work, as well as provides a model for how to divide paid and unpaid tasks (for example, Cunningham, 2001; Gupta, 2006; Álvarez and Miles-Touya, 2012). In this chapter, we examine the extent to which the housework class
Primary socialization theory attempts to explain involvement in substance use and misuse, especially amongst adolescents. It is one of three theories attempting to explain criminal behaviour that has substantial rural roots. The other two are civic community theory created by Matt Lee and colleagues, and male-peer support for violence against women led by Walter DeKeseredy and associates. Primary socialization theory was developed during the 1990s by Eugene Oetting and colleagues who worked at the Tri-Ethnic Center for Prevention Research, Colorado State
107 7 Socialization and Self-Concept The complex definitions of housework standards and routines described in the last chapter are not simply created as a response to the job situation; they antedate the time of ‘becoming a housewife’. Their roots lie in the lessons of childhood, when girls learn to equate their femaleness with domesticity and female identities are moulded round the housewife image. The performance of the housewife role in adulthood is pre- faced by a long period of apprenticeship. Housework is not unique in this respect: other occupations
45 FOUR Socialisation Socialisation means the understanding of a culture and its norms and how one either lives within a culture or challenges it. It is not a concept that is given much attention today in the West, mainly because of its association with the American functional tradition of sociology and the latter’s perceived failure to address issues of gender, race and class within the framework of socialisation. The sociologist Roland Warren, however, locates his writing on socialisation within a strong community context: and, as explained in Chapter
85 FOUR Socialising heritage/ socialising legacy Martin Bashforth, Mike Benson, Tim Boon, Lianne Brigham, Richard Brigham, Karen Brookfield, Peter Brown, Danny Callaghan, Jean-Phillipe Calvin, Richard Courtney, Kathy Cremin, Paul Furness, Helen Graham, Alex Hale, Paddy Hodgkiss, John Lawson, Rebecca Madgin, Paul Manners, David Robinson, John Stanley, Martin Swan, Jenny Timothy and Rachael Turner Introduction At some point during our inaugural research team workshop we started to generate many different ideas about how to increase participation in
This volume analyses the impact of globalization on civil service systems across the Middle East and North Africa.
A collaboration between practitioners and academic public policy experts, it presents an analytical model to assess how globalization influences civil servants, illustrated by case studies of countries where there has been an increased engagement with international actors. It demonstrates how this increased interaction has altered the position of civil servants and traces the shifting patterns of power and accountability between civil servants, politicians and other actors.
It is an original and important addition to debate about globalization’s role in transnational public administration and governance.
61 5 Growing: experiencing social work education and socialisation In Chapter 4, we first examined some social workers’ motivations for embarking on a social work career; then, via an example from 1990s’ England, we also looked at how social work education is ‘constructed’ from the point of view of some of those controlling or implementing educational policy in the social work field. We noted the growing influences on social work in the 1990s of health policy, of inter- professional and multi-agency approaches, and of attempts to extend the influence of
Key messages Holding more agentic/masculine traits is linked to more activist political engagement. Holding more communal/feminine traits is unrelated to political engagement. Categorial gender/sex gaps in participation matter independently of gender socialised personality traits. Women participate as much as men in most areas and are more likely to do private activism. Introduction With the understanding that political participation encompasses a wide variety of activities, current research shows that women and men tend to differ in the amount
The 21st century has witnessed significant changes to the structures and policies framing Higher Education. But how do these changes in norms, values, and purpose shape the generation now coming of age?
Employing a generational analysis, this book offers an original approach to the study of education. It explores the qualitative dimensions of the relationship between academics and students, and examines wider issues of culture and socialisation, from tuition fees and student mental health, to social mobility and employment.
This is a timely contribution to current debates about the University and an invaluable resource for those interested in education, youth, and intergenerational relations.
257 TWENTY Understanding digital inequality: the interplay between parental socialisation and children’s development Ingrid Paus-Hasebrink, Cristina Ponte, Andrea Dürager and Joke Bauwens introduction Across Europe, economic restructuring and immigration from disadvantaged countries show that relations related to inequality are dynamic and persistent. Given the diversity of European countries, in social, cultural and economic terms, the gaps between rich and poor take various forms and occur to differing degrees. However, in all countries social