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The Limits of Cooperation
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Leading South Asia expert Bhumitra Chakma explains the politics of regionalism in South Asia and traces the origins and evolution of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) from its inception to the present day.

He takes an International Relations perspective and engages three major IR theoretical approaches – neorealism, institutionalism and constructivism – to explain the complex dynamics of South Asian regionalism.

Using comparative perspectives based on the experiences of similar regional organizations, the author provides an in-depth analysis of the challenges of cooperation in the region and explores how progress might be made in the future.

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EPDF and EPUB available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence.

The Gulf is a major global destination for migrant workers, with a majority of these workers coming from South Asia. In this book, a team of international contributors examine the often-overlooked complex governance of this migration corridor.

Going beyond state-centric analysis, the contributors present a multi-layered account of the ‘migration governance complex.’ They offer insights not only into the actors involved in the different components of migration governance, but also into the varying ways of interpreting and explaining the meaning and value of these interactions. Together, they enable readers to better understand migration in this important region, while also providing a model for analyzing global migration governance in practice in different parts of the world.

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PART III South Asia

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Although US President Bill Clinton had nonchalantly floated the imagery of South Asia as “the most dangerous place in the world” in the wake of the nuclear tests by India and Pakistan in 1998, his views were outrightly rejected by India ( Babington and Constable 2000 ). Besides, China emerged as a stabilizing force in the region as it instigated its shuttle diplomacy between India and Pakistan not only after the nuclear tests in 1998 but also after the Mumbai attack in 2008. Even as the disputed Kashmir remains a nuclear flashpoint (notwithstanding the US offer

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applicable explanatory framework for the process and outcome of regional integration. This theoretical approach has been aptly applied to explain the dynamics and the process of European integration and ASEAN regionalism. 3 Theorists have generally employed the constructivist framework to explain the effects of regionalism. In this context too, the cases of Europe and South East Asia have been closely studied and the constructivist insights have been aptly used. 4 This chapter aims to assess whether these theoretical insights can be used in the case of South Asian

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87 SIX Families and caring in South Asian communities Christina R. Victor, Maria Zubair and Wendy Martin Introduction Like other Western societies, the UK is undergoing important social and demographic changes, most notably the continued ‘ageing’ of the population and the increasing ethnic diversity of the older population. In the UK ethnicity is defined on the basis of self-identification from a standard list of categories included in routine administrative data collection, social surveys and the decennial census. This approach recognises that ethnicity

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121 Chapter Four ‘Roaring She-Tigers’ in South Asia Poor and populous South Asia Feudal patriarchy In the second half of the 20th century, South Asia was the world’s poorest region, the most illiterate and the most malnourished and sick, and women were the hardest hit. Still, South Asia became the region with the highest frequency of women national leaders: four of the nine countries have or have had a total of seven women heads of state and government.1 The four countries are all post-colonial states. They were subject to the British Empire and won their

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South Asia’s ongoing conflicts and embattled ‘post-conflict’ transitions reveal the tensions inherent in the globalized Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda, between the ritualism of recognizing the relationship between gender inequality and violence, and the practice of incorporating women’s plural perspectives to achieve genuine inclusion in conflict resolution and peace processes on the ground. A generation of macro- and micro-level studies of the diversity and complexity of the gendered experiences of the conflict–peace continuum in the region have

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Whatever happens or fails to happen in the context of South Asian cooperation is inextricably woven into the matrix of Indo–Pakistani relations. Imtiaz H. Bokhari 1 Introduction Being inspired primarily by the success of the European Union (EU) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Bangladesh’s late president General Ziaur Rahman took the initiative of establishing an ‘ASEAN-like’ regional organization in South Asia in the late 1970s. The Bangladeshi leader formally wrote to his South Asian counterparts on the issue in May 1980 and

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Introduction The making or unmaking of a regional organization is a function of politics and the dynamics of that particular region’s international relations. Mohammed Ayoob, at the outset of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), argued that ‘the primacy of the political’ would determine the outcome of regionalism in South Asia and the following factors would play a crucial role in this context: (1) a common threat perception; (2) a common foreign policy orientation; (3) similar political ideologies; and (4) a consensus about the

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