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157 FIVE The United Kingdom Margaret O’Brien, Sara Connolly, Svetlana Speight, Matthew Aldrich and Eloise Poole The cultural and policy context of fatherhood The family and work policy context of fatherhood in the UK occupies a midway position between continental Europe’s social investment and solidarity model and the USA’s private, market-oriented model. There is cultural endorsement that the government and citizens should work together to ensure the welfare of families and children, particularly those deemed ‘deserving’, through taxation and voluntary

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201 TWELVE Social work academia and policy in the United Kingdom Hugh McLaughlin and Jo-Pei Tan This chapter seeks to explore how social work academics in the four nations of the UK (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales) influence social policy. The chapter identifies the contested context in which United Kingdom (UK) social work academics work and then explores the results of a survey on their involvement in social policy. From this it is identified that while they view one of their key academic roles as influencing social policy this has proven

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Author: William Roche

77 FIVE Medical regulation for the public interest in the United Kingdom William Roche Introduction The regulation of the medical profession encompasses three interrelated activities: • the recognition of achievement of the required standard of education and training by potential doctors; • the maintenance of a register of qualified doctors; • the removal of doctors from such a register when issues of conduct or capability are found to be incompatible with continued registration. While the public interest and the interests of the medical profession often

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THRee The United Kingdom: more an economic than a social European Julian Le Grand, Elias Mossialos and Morgan Long As a country’s social policy reflects its values, understanding and anticipating a country’s position on social policy first calls for identifying its ideological framework. In the United Kingdom, belief in the autonomy of the individual, the need to protect and assist the vulnerable, and a focus on economic growth to provide opportunity for all defines the role of government. It is through this framework that the UK considers both domestic

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Power, Planning and Protest
Author: Brian Lund

With rapid population growth, a long-term dearth in new housing construction, the emergence of ‘generation rent’ and rising homelessness, the issue of housing in the UK is considered complex, open-ended and intractable.

Using insights from public choice theory, the new institutionalism and social constructionism Housing Politics in the United Kingdom locates the contemporary ‘housing question’ in historically entrenched power relationships involving markets, planning, and territorial electoral politics.

Written to complement the 3rd edition of the author’s bestselling Understanding housing policy (forthcoming, 2017), this book will be essential reading for students of Housing, Social Policy, Social History, Urban Studies, Planning and Political Science.

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93 SIX Regulating the regulators: the rise of the United Kingdom Professional Standards Authority Judith Allsop and Kathryn Jones Introduction For the past two decades, the way in which health professionals are regulated has undergone major evolutionary change. There have been inquiries, reports, new legislation, changes in practice and new institutions. The traditional form of self-regulation has given way to appointed professional councils that regulate professionals across nine professions, which since 2002 have been overseen by a meta-regulator. The

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39 THREE The informalisation of professional– patient interactions and the consequences for regulation in the United Kingdom Patrick Brown and Rubén Flores Introduction Critical reflections on professional regulation have rarely taken a long- term perspective. In this chapter we draw on insights from process sociology, following in a tradition shaped chiefly by the works of Norbert Elias, in order to make sense of changes in professional– patient interactions and the implications of these changes for societal expectations of health care and the regulation

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177 ELEVEN Intellectual disability policy and practice in twentieth- century United Kingdom Simon Jarrett and Jan Walmsley This chapter attempts an overview of the dense and complex history of intellectual disability in the United Kingdom in the twentieth century. Inevitably much of it focuses on legislation and policy emanating from the dominant Westminster parliament and its civil service apparatus. For the first half of the century, we concentrate on the legislative and policy environment in England and Wales, and for the second, mainly on England

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Author: Karen Bell

97 SIX ‘Regulation means bad’: environmental justice in the United Kingdom The UK is located towards the middle of the capitalist/socialist spectrum used in this book because it is a mixed economy and has seen various phases of more, and less, free market economics. Although capitalism has been the bedrock of the UK economy since the 19th century, in 1945 the election of the Labour Party saw the adoption of more socialist leaning nationalisations of major industries, the creation of the welfare state and Keynesian economic policies. These changes broadly

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Author: Andrew Gamble

Radical breaks and turning points are always hard to discern at the time. What looks like change can appear at a later date as continuity. How will historians come to assess the first term of the Blair Government elected in May 1997? Will they see it as marking the beginnings of a decisive change in the territorial constitution of the United Kingdom? Or simply the rearrangement of familiar furniture? Certainly in formal legal terms the territorial constitution of the United Kingdom underwent a radical change after 1997, more radical than anything that had

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