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Human Rights Watch Human Rights Watch

United States The United States has a vibrant civil society and strong constitutional protec- tions for many civil and political rights. Yet many US laws and practices, particu- larly in the areas of criminal and juvenile justice, immigration, and national security, violate internationally recognized human rights. Often, those least able to defend their rights in court or through the political process—members of racial and ethnic minorities, immigrants, children, the poor, and prisoners—are the people most likely to suffer abuses. Harsh Sentencing The United

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Human Rights Watch Human Rights Watch

615 WORLD REPORT 2013 UNITED STATES H U M A N R I G H T S W A T C H World Report Book 2013 FINALtextonly_World Report 2013 Book 1/9/13 6:17 AM Page 615 616 WORLD REPORT 2013 United States The United States has a vibrant civil society and media that enjoys strong con- stitutional protections. The victims of abuse are typically the weakest and most vulnerable in US society: immigrants, racial and ethnic minorities, children, the elderly, the poor, and prisoners. The US incarcerates more people than any other country. Practices contrary to human rights

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Human Rights Watch Human Rights Watch

United States The United States has a vibrant civil society and strong constitutional protec- tions for many basic rights. Yet, particularly in the areas of criminal justice, immi- gration, and national security, US laws and practices routinely violate rights. Often, those least able to defend their rights in court or through the political process—racial and ethnic minorities, immigrants, children, the poor, and pris- oners—are the people most likely to suffer abuses. The August 2014 police killing of an unarmed teenager, Michael Brown, in Fergu- son, Missouri

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147 NINE United States: leave policy, failure and potential Gayle Kaufman Introduction The United States (US) stands out as the only country highlighted in this book, and one among very few countries in the world, that does not offer a statutory entitlement to paid Maternity Leave (ILO, 2014). Such leave as exists to care for newborn or recently adopted children is most commonly labelled ‘Family Leave’, and covers caring for family members (for example, child, spouse, parent) who are ill, as well as newborns; the US may be exceptional in combining these

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277 FIFTEEN Social policy language in the United States Jennifer Klein, Daniel Béland and Klaus Petersen Policy discourse in the United States (US) has drawn on languages about labour, citizenship, and family. Beyond the specifications of formal citizenship (birth in the US, naturalisation procedures, freedom and unfreedom, voting rights), there is a language that shapes understandings of citizenship – rights and obligations, membership or inclusion, and individuals’ relationship to the state. From the mid-19th century, industrial capitalism sparked mass

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221 THIRTEEN Social work academia and policy in the United States Arati Maleku and Richard Hoefer Academic scholars and higher education institutions are currently called on to contribute to the overall well-being of communities by using their expertise. They are asked to address emerging human needs, solve problems related to globalisation, ameliorate negative impacts of new technologies, and assist with a myriad of other issues. This increasingly requires scholars and institutions of higher education to engage with external groups and organisations

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85 Local and regional economic development in the United States FIVE Local and regional economic development in the United States Terry Clower University of North Texas, US Introduction The practice of L&RED in the US is far from monolithic. As noted in Chapter One, examining the practices and funding mechanisms of L&RED organisations in the US presents some challenges. In area, Australia and the US are similar; however, based on sheer population differences, we were forced to look at a much smaller proportion of all L&RED groups in the US survey. There are

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72 6 The characteristics of blood donors in the United States In the previous chapter, we constructed a typology of blood donors. This attempt to classify the attributes of donors or suppliers of blood also took account of the pattern of values underlying different motivation and recruitment systems, mon etary and contractual, non-monetary and non-contractual. We now consider how the actual distribution and character istics of donors in the United States and England and Wales relate to this typology. To what extent can donors in the two countries be

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161 NINE Let the consumer beware: maintenance of licensure and certification in the United States Ruth Horowitz Introduction Despite news headlines publicising the analysis of data from several large-scale studies by a Johns Hopkins University physician that medical errors (about 250,000 each year) are the third leading cause of death in the United States (US) (Makary and Daniel, 2016), the pushback on requiring continuous education for physicians has been strong. In the US, the public rarely questions whether doctors are keeping up with the latest

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Access, Cost and Quality
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Written by a well-respected health and public policy expert, this book provides a comprehensive exploration of the under-appreciated role of public health policy in the United States’ medical care industry.

The book offers students:

• an introduction to the fundamentals of health policy, with comparative perspectives from other countries;

• analysis of major health care programmes, including Medicare, Medicaid, the Affordable Care Act and regulatory programs;

• reflections on issues around access, quality, cost, and the ethics of provision.

By drawing comparisons between the US and other countries, it deepens our understanding of health policy in the US, where it is headed next, and what it might learn from other systems.

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