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Level and type of serious youth violence There has always been some level of serious youth violence [in Manchester] but it certainly seems that there is more now. (Youth justice worker [YJW] 3) As noted in Chapter 2 , levels of violence in England and Wales have been declining since the mid-1990s ( Billingham and Irwin-Rogers 2022 ). Yet, while violence rates have fallen, serious youth violence (SYV) remains a growing concern in England and Wales. As already mentioned, the Youth Justice Board define SYV as ‘any drug, robbery or violence against the

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19 TWO Youth work, pedagogy and islam Power is safest in the poet’s hands, Thus for an artist God will Pose. Hafiz (1320-1389); translated by Daniel Ladinsky (1999) 20 Young Muslims, pedagogy and Islam Maxine Green (2006), in A journey of discovery: Spirituality and spiritual development in youth work, refers to the opportunity youth work has in drawing concepts and articulations from different cultures and traditions as an activity that seldom happens, and this missed opportunity is captured by her use of Chandu Christian’s observation that: Youth work

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Public opinion in England and Wales

This report presents the findings from the first national, representative survey of public attitudes to youth crime and youth justice in England and Wales.

Significantly, it highlights that most people are demonstrably ill-informed about youth crime and youth justice issues. It also carries clear policy implications in relation to both public education and reform of the youth justice system.

Youth crime and youth justice is essential reading for academics, researchers, policy makers and practitioners in the fields of criminal justice, criminology, social policy, social work and probation.

Researching Criminal Justice series

Crime and justice are issues of central political and public concern in contemporary Britain. This exciting new series presents top quality research findings in the field. It will contribute significantly to policy and practice debates and aims to improve the knowledge base considerably. The series will be essential reading for politicians and policy makers, academics, researchers and practitioners.

For other titles in this series, please follow the series link from the main catalogue page.

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STYLE Handbook

After the financial crisis of 2008 youth unemployment soared across Europe, leaving a generation of highly qualified young people frustrated in their search for secure, meaningful work.

With contributions from over 90 authors and more than 60 individual contributions this collection summarises the findings of a large-scale EU funding project on Strategic Transitions for Youth Labour in Europe (STYLE).

Including the often overlooked and unheard voices of young people themselves, this eclectic range of contributions discuss the distinctive characteristics of the current phase of youth employment.

It provides a comprehensive analysis of the causes of European youth unemployment and assesses the effectiveness of labour market policies across the region.

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Introduction ‘Youth’ is often presented as a problem ( Carpenter, Freda and Speeden, 2007 ; Giroux, 1997 ; Hunter, 2022 ), but alongside any discourses of ‘problem’ youth in the media or in policy is the lived experience of young people themselves. Youth work, it is suggested, is a highly skilled practice which seeks to raise the voices of young people and journey alongside them, while we learn and develop together ( Robertson, 2022 ): ‘Often our field is not as valued as it could be because folks look at us and think “Well, you’re just having a game of

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Policy and practice

This original book explores the importance of geographical processes for policies and professional practices related to childhood and youth. Contributors from a wide range of disciplinary backgrounds explore how concepts such as place, scale, mobility and boundary-making are important for policies and practices in diverse contexts. Chapters present both comprehensive cutting-edge academic research and critical reflections by practitioners working in diverse contexts, giving the volume wide appeal. The focus on the role of geographical processes in policies and professional practices that affect young people provides new, critical insights into contemporary issues and debates. The contributions show how local and national concerns remain central to many youth programmes; they also highlight how youth policies are becoming increasingly globalised. Examples are taken from the UK, the Americas and Africa.

The chapters are informed by and advance contemporary theoretical approaches in human geography, sociology, anthropology and youth work, and will be of interest to academics and higher-level students in those disciplines. The book will also appeal to policy-makers and professionals who work with young people, encouraging them to critically reflect upon the role of geographical processes in their own work.

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Migration, Justice and Urban Space

Telling the stories of young refugees in a range of international urban settings, this book explores how newcomers navigate urban spaces and negotiate multiple injustices in their everyday lives.

This innovative edited volume is based on in-depth, qualitative research with young refugees and their perspectives on migration, social relations, and cultural spaces. The chapters give voice to refugee youth from a wide variety of social backgrounds, including insights about their migration experiences, their negotiations of spatial justice and injustice, and the diverse ways in which they use urban space.

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PART II Labour market insecurity and youth autonomy

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The Multifaceted Consequences of Labour Market Insecurity

EPDF and EPUB available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence.

Policymakers throughout Europe are enacting policies to support youth labour market integration. However, many young people continue to face unemployment, job insecurity, and the subsequent consequences.

Adopting a mixed-method and multilevel perspective, this book provides a comprehensive investigation into the multifaceted consequences of social exclusion. Drawing on rich pan-European comparative and quantitative data, and interviews with young people from across Europe, this text gives a platform to the unheard voices of young people.

Contributors derive crucial new policy recommendations and offer fresh insights into areas including youth well-being, health, poverty, leaving the parental home, and qualifying for social security.

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In the past, youth has been seen as a transition into the labour market, but today young people’s identities are increasingly wrapped up in their value as workers.

In this book, young people describe the meaning of work in their own words. Drawing on these narratives, the author reveals how their identities are intertwined with the dynamics of labour and value in post-Fordist capitalism and how social inequalities are manifested through the practices and ethics that young people draw upon to cultivate an economically productive self.

Illuminating the rapidly changing social conditions that mould youth identities, this book represents a paradigm shift in our understanding of youth and work.

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