It may seem like a recent trend, but businesses have been practising compassionate capitalism for nearly a thousand years.
Based on the newly discovered historical documents on Cambridge’s sophisticated urban property market during the Commercial Revolution in the thirteenth century, this book explores how successful entrepreneurs employed the wealth they had accumulated to the benefit of the community.
Cutting across disciplines, from economic and business history to entrepreneurship, philanthropy and medieval studies, this outstanding volume presents an invaluable contribution to our knowledge of the early phases of capitalism.
A companion book, The Cambridge Hundred Rolls Sources Volume, replacing the previous incomplete and inaccurate transcription by the Record Commission of 1818, is also available from Bristol University Press.
colonizers with the networks of early capitalism and imperial domination of the seas and foreign lands. The Western mind at this point should shake free of the ideal of fixed borders, meanings, and references, and look for pre-existing networks, flows, and the ways people lived and traded as social and political actors.
Thomas Hobbes in his Leviathan (1651) establishes the basic principle of the state. 9 He proposes that individuals escape the anarchy and brutishness of the state of nature by relinquishing their individual rights, pooling them in society, and
This ambitious collection follows the evolution of capitalism from its origins in 13th-century European towns to its 16th-century expansion into Asia, Africa and South America and on to the global capitalism of modern day.
Written by distinguished historians and social scientists, the chapters examine capitalism and its critics and the level of variation and convergence in its operation across locations. The authors illuminate the aspects of capitalism that have encouraged, but also limited, social responsibility and environmental sustainability.
Covering times, places and topics that have often been overlooked in the existing literature, this important contribution to the field of economic history charts the most comprehensive chronology of capitalism to date.
The COVID-19 pandemic is a Rorschach test for society: everyone sees something different in it, and the range of political and economic responses to the crisis can leave us feeling overwhelmed.
This book cuts through the confusion, dissecting the new post-coronavirus capitalism into several policy areas and spheres of action to inform academic, policy and public discourse.
Covering all the major aspects of contemporary capitalism that have been affected by the pandemic, Andreas Nölke deftly analyses the impacts of the crisis on our socio-economic and political systems. Signposting a new era for global capitalism, he offers alternatives for future economic development in the wake of COVID-19.
Drawing on affect theory and research on academic capitalism, this book examines the contemporary crisis of universities. Moving through 11 international and comparative case studies, it explores diverse features of contemporary academic life, from the coloniality of academic capitalism to performance management and the experience of being performance-managed.
Affect has emerged as a major analytical lens of social research. However, it is rarely applied to universities and their marketisation. Offering a unique exploration of the contemporary role of affect in academic labour and the organisation of scholarship, this book considers modes of subjectivation, professional and personal relationships and organisational structures and their affective charges.
Chapter 9 is available Open Access via OAPEN under CC-BY-NC-ND licence.
What would it take for a commons-centred, collaborative form of production to supplant capitalism? That is the central question of this book. In approaching this query, it is necessary to first establish a basic understanding of what capitalism is, how it currently works, and the inherent challenges involved in overcoming it. In doing so we can also get a better sense of the proposed compeerist framework, and how it is reflected in, yet also partially distinct from, a number of existing theoretical offerings.
It makes sense to start by viewing the economy as
The greatest challenge of our generation is global warming. Given that the latter process is closely connected to the expansion of industrial capitalism, it has become an important topic for International Political Economy. Core topics include the linkage between economic globalization and climate change and the role of business in negotiations on climate change limitation ( O’Brien and Williams, 2016 : 250–8; Dauvergne, 2020 ). Moreover, International Political Economy has started to engage with the more general debate between ‘ecocentric’ and ‘technocentric
The scholastic heritage and beyond
Since the last millennium modern capitalism in the West has evolved around two seemingly diametrically opposed notions – one being the assumption of the market as a manifestation of providential or God-given natural order, the other being about order as a result of deliberate, possibly even planned, human action and sometimes proactive interventions of the state. The earlier notion found its way into neoliberalism and other models of free-marketeerism from the Physiocrats ( Kaplan and Reinert, 2019 ) to Friedman. The other
As Rahel Jaeggi (2013) notes, the critical approaches to capitalism that emerged after the financial crisis of 2007–08 have, at times, had an inflationary character, as evidenced by hyperbolic newspaper articles on the forthcoming ‘end of capitalism’ (see, for instance, Mason, 2015b ). Nevertheless, this has provided a clearance of sorts for a vibrant discussion to emerge around alternatives to capitalism – a debate that has spread well beyond the walls of academic political philosophy, critical theory and sociology departments. Indeed, the