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A Gendered Pathway into Crime

What role does coercion play in women’s involvement in crime?

This is the first book to explore coercion as a pathway into crime for co-offending women. Using newspaper articles and case and court files, it analyses four cases of women co-accused of a crime with their partner who suggested that coercive techniques had influenced their involvement in the offending.

Based on a feminist perspective, it highlights the importance of gender role expectations and gendered discourses in how the trials were conducted, and the ways in which the media framed the trials (and the women).

Considering the legal and social construction of coercion, this fascinating book concludes by exploring the implications for public understanding of coercion and female offending more broadly.

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17 TWO THEORETICAL UNDERSTANDINGS OF COERCION AS A PATHWAY INTO CRIME Introduction This chapter will begin by exploring women’s pathways into crime, before specifically considering coercion as a pathway into crime for female co-offenders. It will critically discuss concepts such as agency and ‘choice’ within the context of such relationships/co-offending partnerships. The chapter will conclude with a critical overview of criminology’s current engagement with and understanding of coerced women. Pathways into crime for women offenders Literature exploring

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101 CHAPTER EIGHT Choice, encouragement or coercion? There is a lot of debate in the restorative justice literature about choice and coercion in the restorative process. Some would argue that restorative justice has to be fully voluntary all round, and that to exert pressure for either side to engage is inappropriate and potentially harmful. What is clear and accepted by everyone is that the person harmed should never be made to feel obliged to take part. The worst sin in restorative circles is to push for the involvement of the people harmed for the

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6362 COERCION AND WOMEN CO-OFFENDERS FIvE APPLYING THE ‘CONTINUUM OF COERCION’: AN ALTERNATIvE, FEMINIST FRAMEWORK Introduction This chapter begins by critiquing the representation of the women’s reasons for offending as being a ‘rational choice’. Furthermore, the chapter introduces an alternative feminist conceptual framework to gain a more nuanced understanding of coercion as a pathway into crime for co-offending women. This framework is applied to the case studies analysed in this research by drawing on the women’s testimonies and experiences, taken

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victim’s mindset and behaviour, especially with regard to coercive family tactics. Expert witnesses play a vital role in assisting legal and law-enforcement practitioners to understand the religious and socio-cultural context (for example, different marriage practices and traditions) underpinning individual FM cases to ensure that effective prosecutions can be brought. Introduction A forced marriage (FM) is an illegal and invalid marriage that takes place without the consent of one or both parties, often as a result of coercion. The Oxford Dictionary defines

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Patients’ experiences and the patient movement

Despite a policy focus on involving patients in health care and increasing patient autonomy, much covert coercion of patients takes place in everyday healthcare. This book, by a leading patient activist, examines for the first time how the patient movement, which works to improve the quality of healthcare, can actually be considered an emancipation movement when led by its radical elements.

In this highly original book the author argues that radical patient groups and individual activists who repeatedly challenge or oppose some standards in healthcare, can be seen as working in the direction of freeing patients from coercion and from its associated injustice and inequality. Combining new academic theory with rich empirical evidence, the book explains how looking at healthcare from an emancipatory perspective could improve its quality as patients experience it. It will appeal to health professionals, managers, patient activists, policy makers and others concerned with the quality of healthcare.

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Management and Treatment of Substance Misuse and Mental Health Problems in the Criminal Justice System
Editors: and

Substance misuse (including alcohol) and mental health problems constitute a significant proportion of the work carried out in the criminal justice system. Approaches to these often intractable problems have seen the rise of a dominant risk paradigm concerned with public protection and the use of coercion through court orders to access treatment. This original and valuable book considers notions of risk and rehabilitation in detail within the practice of those court orders, whilst contextualising them within a wider comparative literature and research base. The efficacy of these approaches, practice issues and innovations including for example therapeutic jurisprudence are analysed. Risk and rehabilitation also includes discussions of the implications for partnership working and the importance of reconfiguring the nature of rehabilitative relationships. This is a timely book as probation practice in the UK and elsewhere moves into a post ‘what works’ era, providing opportunities to review the evidence base for effective interventions.

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Boundaries, Frames and Perspectives

Designed to support training and CPD in compulsory mental health work, this book looks at assessment, detention, compulsion and coercion in a variety of mental health settings. It focuses on decision making in a variety of professional roles with people from a diversity of backgrounds including contributions from people with lived experience of mental health services. With emphasis on theory into practice, the book is essential reading for those looking to develop their reflexive and critical analytical skills.

Relevant for all professionals making decisions under mental health legislation and those developing, teaching and supporting practitioners in the workplace, it includes:

  • critical reflection techniques;

  • ‘editors’ voice’ features at the start and close of each chapter, summarising key themes.

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Energy Securitization in Azerbaijan

Known as ‘the land of fire’, Azerbaijan’s politics are materially and ideologically shaped by energy. In the country, energy security emerges as a mix of coercion and control, requiring widespread military and law enforcement deployment.

This book examines the extensive network of security professionals and the wide range of practices that have spread in Azerbaijan’s energy sector. It unpacks the interactions of state, supra‐state, and private security organizations and argues that energy security has enabled and normalized a coercive way of exercising power. This study shows that oppressive energy security practices lead to multiple forms of abuse and poor energy policies.

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For Policy and Practice

Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. The number of people experiencing homelessness is rising in the majority of advanced western economies. Responses to these rising numbers are variable but broadly include elements of congregate emergency accommodation, long-term supported accommodation, survivalist services and degrees of coercion. It is evident that these policies are failing.

Using contemporary research, policy and practice examples, this book uses the Irish experience to argue that we need to urgently reimagine homelessness as a pattern of residential instability and economic precariousness regularly experienced by marginal households. Bringing to light stark evidence, it proves that current responses to homelessness only maintain or exacerbate this instability rather than arrest it and provides a robust evidence base to reimagine how we respond to homelessness.

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